GETDIRENTRIES(2) OpenBSD Programmer's Manual GETDIRENTRIES(2)
getdirentries - get directory entries in a filesystem independent format
getdirentries(int fd, char *buf, int nbytes, off_t *basep);
getdirentries() reads directory entries from the directory referenced by
the file descriptor fd into the buffer pointed to by buf, in a filesystem
independent format. Up to nbytes of data will be transferred. nbytes
must be greater than or equal to the block size associated with the file
(see stat(2)). Some filesystems may not support getdirentries() with
buffers smaller than this size.
The data in the buffer is a series of dirent structures each containing
the following entries:
char d_name[MAXNAMLEN + 1]; /* see below */
The d_fileno entry is a number which is unique for each distinct file in
the filesystem. Files that are linked by hard links (see link(2)) have
the same d_fileno. The d_reclen entry is the length, in bytes, of the
The d_type is the type of file, where the following are possible types:
DT_UNKNOWN, DT_FIFO, DT_CHR, DT_DIR, DT_BLK, DT_REG, DT_LNK, and DT_SOCK.
The d_namlen entry specifies the length of the file name excluding the
NUL byte. Thus the actual size of d_name may vary from 1 to MAXNAMLEN +
The d_name entry contains a NUL-terminated file name.
Entries may be separated by extra space. The d_reclen entry may be used
as an offset from the start of a dirent structure to the next structure,
Invalid entries with d_fileno set to 0 may be returned among regular
The actual number of bytes transferred is returned. The current position
pointer associated with fd is set to point to the next block of entries.
The pointer may not advance by the number of bytes returned by
getdirentries() writes the position of the block read into the location
pointed to by basep. Alternatively, the current position pointer may be
set and retrieved by lseek(2). The current position pointer should only
be set to a value returned by lseek(2), a value returned in the location
pointed to by basep, or zero.
If successful, the number of bytes actually transferred is returned. A
value of zero is returned when the end of the directory has been reached.
Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to
indicate the error.
getdirentries() will fail if:
[EBADF] fd is not a valid file descriptor open for reading.
[EFAULT] Either buf or basep points outside the allocated
[EINVAL] The file referenced by fd is not a directory, or
nbytes is too small for returning a directory entry or
block of entries, or the current position pointer is
[EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
the file system.
lseek(2), open(2), opendir(3), dirent(5)
The getdirentries() call is not a portable interface and should not be
used directly by applications. Use readdir(3) instead.
The getdirentries() function first appeared in 4.4BSD.
OpenBSD 5.1 October 27, 2010 OpenBSD 5.1
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