CHFLAGS(1)                  General Commands Manual                 CHFLAGS(1)


     chflags - change file flags


     chflags [-h] [-R [-H | -L | -P]] flags file ...


     The chflags utility modifies the file flags of the listed files as
     specified by the flags operand.  The flags of a file dictate special
     restrictions beyond those enforced by its mode/permissions.  Only the
     superuser can change the user flags on block and character devices.

     You can use ls -lo to see the flags of existing files.

     The options are as follows:

     -H      If the -R option is also specified, symbolic links on the command
             line are followed.  Symbolic links encountered in the tree
             traversal are not followed.

     -h      Treat symbolic links like other files: modify links instead of
             following them.  The -h and -R options are mutually exclusive.

     -L      If the -R option is also specified, all symbolic links are

     -P      If the -R option is also specified, no symbolic links are

     -R      Recurse.  Where file is a directory, change the flags of the
             directory and all the files and directories in the file hierarchy
             below it.

     Flags are a comma separated list of keywords.  The following keywords are
     currently defined:

           arch    set the archived flag (superuser only)
           nodump  set the nodump flag (owner or superuser only)
           sappnd  set the system append-only flag (superuser only)
           schg    set the system immutable flag (superuser only)
           uappnd  set the user append-only flag (owner or superuser only)
           uchg    set the user immutable flag (owner or superuser only)

     The arch flag is for compatibility only, and currently has no effect.

     A file with the nodump flag set will by default only be backed up by
     dump(8) during full backups.  The -h option of dump(8) can be used to
     alter this.

     An immutable file may not be changed, moved, or deleted.  An append-only
     file is immutable except that data may be appended to it.

     The superuser-settable sappnd and schg flags can be set at any time, but
     may only be cleared when the system is running at security level 0 or -1
     (insecure or permanently insecure mode, respectively).  For more
     information on setting the system security level, see securelevel(7).

     Putting the letters no before a flag name causes the flag to be turned
     off.  For example:

           nouchg  the immutable bit should be cleared

     The -H, -L, and -P options are ignored unless the -R option is specified.
     In addition, these options override each other and the command's actions
     are determined by the last one specified.


     The chflags utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


     ls(1), chflags(2), stat(2), fts(3), securelevel(7), symlink(7), dump(8)


     The chflags command first appeared in 4.4BSD.

OpenBSD 6.4                     August 25, 2018                    OpenBSD 6.4

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