LINKS(1)                    General Commands Manual                   LINKS(1)


       links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser


       links [options] URL


       links is a text mode WWW browser, supporting colors, correct table
       rendering, background downloading, menu driven configuration interface
       and slim code.

       Frames are supported. You can have different file formats associated
       with external viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported via external

       links can handle local (file://) or remote (http://, ftp:// or https://
       if there's compiled-in SSL support) URLs.


       Most options can be set in the user interface or config file, so
       usually you do not need to care about them.

              Restrict links so that it can run on an anonymous account.  No
              local file browsing. No downloads. Executing of viewers is
              allowed, but user can't add or modify entries in association

       -assume-codepage <codepage>
              Use the given codepage when the webpage did not specify its
              codepage. (default: ISO 8859-1)

       -async-dns <0>/<1>
              Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0). Default is on.

       -base-session <number>
              Linkses are connecting together, forming sessions by default.
              Normally, there's only one session with number 0. In this way,
              you can make him to form more sessions at once. See also -no-
              connect option.

       -download-dir <path>
              Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

       -download-utime <0>/<1>
              Set time of download files on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -dump  Write a plain-text version of the given HTML document to stdout.

       -format-cache-size <num>
              Number of formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

       -ftp.anonymous-password <password>
              Use this as the password for anonymous ftp sites.

       -ftp-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the FTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

       -help  Print a help screen.

       -http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
              Turn use of HTTP/1.0 on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
              Turn blacklist of buggy servers on(1)/off(0). Default is on.

       -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
              Turn broken redirect 302 (violates RFC, but compatible with
              Netscape) on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -http-bugs.bug_post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
              Turn no keepalive connection after POST request (for some buggy
              PHP databases) on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -http-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the HTTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

       -language <langname>
              Language to use in user interface.

       -max-connections <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connections.  (default: 10)

       -max-connections-to-host <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connection to a given host.
              (default: 2)

       -memory-cache-size <Kbytes>
              Cache memory in Kilobytes.  (default: 1024)

       -width <size>
              Size of screen in characters, used in combination with -dump.
              (default: 80)

              Runs links as a separate instance - instead of connecting to
              existing instance. Prevents him to connecting to an existing
              session.  See also -base-session option.

       -receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

       -retries <retry>
              Number of retries.  (default: 3)

              Write the given HTML document in source form to stdout.

       -unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

              Print the links version number and exit.


       You may optionally prefix each of this keys with a number, telling its
       repeat count (how much times to do it). You can also re-bind those
       keys, altough this feature is still in the state of testing, so
       undocumented.  The keys you may use for navigation are:

       PGDN   page down

       Space  page down

       PGUP   page up

       b      page up

       B      page up

              next link/down

              prev link/up

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^C     copy to clipboard

       INS    scroll up

       ^P     scroll up

       DEL    scroll down

       ^N     scroll down

       [      scroll left

       ]      scroll right

       HOME   home

       END    end of page

              enter link/press button

       ENTER  enter link/press button

              go back

       d      download link

       D      download link

       /      search in the page

       ?      search back in the page

       n      find next match

       N      find next match backwards

       f      zoom actual frame

       F      zoom actual frame

       ^R     reload page

       g      go to URL

       G      go to the current URL

       a      add a new bookmark

       A      add a new bookmark

       s      bookmark manager

       S      bookmark manager

       q      quit

       Q      quit

       =      document information

       |      header information

       \      toggle HTML source/rendered view

       *      toggle display of images

       TAB    next frame

       ESC    menu/escape

       F9     menu

       F10    file menu


       The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

              move right

              move left

       HOME   jump to the beginning

       ^A     jump to the beginning

       END    jump to the end

       ^E     jump to the end

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^B     copy to clipboard

       ^X     cut to clipboard

       ^V     paste from clipboard

       ENTER  enter line

              delete back character

       ^H     delete back character

       DEL    delete character

       ^D     delete character

       ^U     delete from beginning of the line

       ^K     delete to the end of the line

       ^W     auto complete line


              The location of ".links/"

              Homepage location (as in lynx )

              The command to run when selecting "File/New window" and if
              DISPLAY is defined (default "xterm -e")

              The command to run when selecting "File/New window" and if
              TWDISPLAY is defined (default "twterm -e")

       SHELL  Used for "File/OS Shell" menu

              Used for "File/OS Shell" menu in DOS/Windows


              Per-user config file, automatically created by links.  Its
              format is same as the one of user.cfg.

              Per-user config file, automatically created by links.  It
              contains HTML rendering options. Its format is same as the one
              of user.cfg.

              Per-user config file, not overwritten while saving links
              configuration. You can add your own options there (e.g.
              keybindings).  Each line consists from option name (same as the
              command-line one, but without leading dash and with dashes
              converted to underscores), space, and its value, in quotes if
              it's a string. Lines which start with # are considered as
              comments and skipped.

              Bookmarks file

              Sites history file

              Internal links socket for communication between its instances.


       links is known to work on Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, IRIX, HPUX,
       Digital Unix, AIX, OS/2 and BeOS.  Port for Win32 is in state of beta


       Can't connect to some FTP servers (Novell, NT). Connection stays in
       "Request sent" state.

       Frames don't work if there're more frames with same name. Turn them off
       in such case.

       You can't upload large files; it takes _lots_ of memory.

       You shouldn't press '^Z' when you are in a viewer

       Please report any other bugs you find to Mikulas Patocka
       <> or to links mailing list


       links is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
       the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
       Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
       option) any later version.


       links was written by Mikulas Patocka
       <>.  See file AUTHORS in the source
       tree for a list of people contributing to this project.

       The homepage of links can be found at

       This manual page was written by Peter Gervai <>, using
       excerpts from a (yet?) unknown links fan for the Debian GNU/Linux
       system (but may be used by others).  Contributions from Francis A.
       Holop. Extended, clarified and made more up-to-date by Petr Baudis


       lynx(1), w3m(1), wget(1)

                                   Oct, 2001                          LINKS(1)

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