mc



MC(1)                       GNU Midnight Commander                       MC(1)


NAME

       mc - Visual shell for Unix-like systems.


USAGE

       mc [-abcCdfhPstuUVx] [-l log] [dir1 [dir2]] [-e [file] ...] [-v file]


DESCRIPTION

       GNU Midnight Commander is a directory browser/file manager for
       Unix-like operating systems.


OPTIONS

       -a, --stickchars
              Disable usage of graphic characters for line drawing.

       -b, --nocolor
              Force black and white display.

       -c, --color
              Force color mode, please check the section Colors for more
              information.

       -C arg, --colors=arg
              Specify a different color set in the command line.  The format
              of arg is documented in the Colors section.

       --configure-options
              Display configure options.

       -d, --nomouse
              Disable mouse support.

       -D N, --debuglevel=N
              Save the debug level for SMB VFS. N is in 0-10 range.

       -e [file], --edit[=file]
              Start the internal editor.  If the file is specified, open it on
              startup.  See also mcedit (1).

       -f, --datadir
              Display the compiled-in search paths for Midnight Commander
              files.

       -F, --datadir-info
              Display extended info about compiled-in paths for Midnight
              Commander.

       -g, --oldmouse
              Force a "normal tracking" mouse mode. Used when running on
              xterm-capable terminals (tmux/screen).

       -k, --resetsoft
              Reset softkeys to their default from the termcap/terminfo
              database. Only useful on HP terminals when the function keys
              don't work.

       -K file, --keymap=file
              Specify a name of keymap file in the command line.

       -l file, --ftplog=file
              Save the ftpfs dialog with the server in file.

       --nokeymap
              Don't load key bindings from any file, use default hardcoded
              keys.

       -P file, --printwd=file
              Print the last working directory to the specified file.  This
              option is not meant to be used directly.  Instead, it's used
              from a special shell script that automatically changes the
              current directory of the shell to the last directory the
              Midnight Commander was in.  Source the file
              /usr/local/libexec/mc/mc.sh (bash and zsh users) or
              /usr/local/libexec/mc.csh (tcsh users) respectively to define mc
              as an alias to the appropriate shell script.

       -s, --slow
              Set alternative mode drawing of frameworks.  If the section
              [Lines] is not filled, the symbol for the pseudographics frame
              is a space, otherwise the frame characters are taken from follow
              params.

              You can redefine the following variables:

       lefttop
              left-top corner

       righttop
              right-top corner

       centertop
              center-top cross

       centerbottom
              center-bottom cross

       leftbottom
              left-bottom corner

       rightbottom
              right-bottom corner

       leftmiddle
              left-middle cross

       rightmiddle
              right-middle cross

       centermiddle
              center cross

       horiz  default horizontal line

       vert   default vertical line

       thinhoriz
              thin horizontal line

       thinvert
              thin vertical line

       -S arg, --skin=arg
              Specify a name of skin in the command line. Technology of skins
              is documented in the Skins section.

       -t, --termcap
              Used only if the code was compiled with Slang and terminfo: it
              makes the Midnight Commander use the value of the TERMCAP
              variable for the terminal information instead of the information
              on the system wide terminal database

       -u, --nosubshell
              Disable use of the concurrent shell (only makes sense if the
              Midnight Commander has been built with concurrent shell
              support).

       -U, --subshell
              Enable use of the concurrent shell support (only makes sense if
              the Midnight Commander was built with the subshell support set
              as an optional feature).

       -v file, --view=file
              Start the internal viewer to view the specified file.  See also
              mcview (1).

       -V, --version
              Display the version of the program.

       -x, --xterm
              Force xterm mode.  Used when running on xterm-capable terminals
              (two screen modes, and able to send mouse escape sequences).

       -X, --no-x11
              Do not use X11 to get the state of modifiers Alt, Ctrl, Shift

       If both paths are specified, the first path name is the directory to
       show in the active panel; the second path name is the directory to be
       shown in the other panel.

       If one path is specified, the path name is the directory to show in the
       active panel; value of "other_dir" from panels.ini is the directory to
       be shown in the passive panel.

       If no paths are specified, current directory is shown in the active
       panel; value of "other_dir" from panels.ini is the directory to be
       shown in the passive panel.


Overview

       The screen of the Midnight Commander is divided into four parts.
       Almost all of the screen space is taken up by two directory panels.  By
       default, the second line from the bottom of the screen is the shell
       command line, and the bottom line shows the function key labels.  The
       topmost line is the menu bar line.  The menu bar line may not be
       visible, but appears if you click the topmost line with the mouse or
       press the F9 key.

       The Midnight Commander provides a view of two directories at the same
       time. One of the panels is the current panel (a selection bar is in the
       current panel). Almost all operations take place on the current panel.
       Some file operations like Rename and Copy by default use the directory
       of the unselected panel as a destination (don't worry, they always ask
       you for confirmation first). For more information, see the sections on
       the Directory Panels, the Left and Right Menus and the File Menu.

       You can execute system commands from the Midnight Commander by simply
       typing them. Everything you type will appear on the shell command line,
       and when you press Enter the Midnight Commander will execute the
       command line you typed; read the Shell Command Line and Input Line Keys
       sections to learn more about the command line.


Mouse Support

       The Midnight Commander comes with mouse support.  It is activated
       whenever you are running on an xterm(1) terminal (it even works if you
       take a telnet, ssh or rlogin connection to another machine from the
       xterm) or if you are running on a Linux console and have the gpm mouse
       server running.

       When you left click on a file in the directory panels, that file is
       selected; if you click with the right button, the file is marked (or
       unmarked, depending on the previous state).

       Double-clicking on a file will try to execute the command if it is an
       executable program; and if the extension file has a program specified
       for the file's extension, the specified program is executed.

       Also, it is possible to execute the commands assigned to the function
       key labels by clicking on them.

       The default auto repeat rate for the mouse buttons is 400 milliseconds.
       This may be changed to other values by editing the ~/.config/mc/ini
       file and changing the mouse_repeat_rate parameter.

       If you are running the Midnight Commander with the mouse support, you
       can get the default mouse behavior (cutting and pasting text) by
       holding down the Shift key.


Keys

       Some commands in the Midnight Commander involve the use of the Control
       (sometimes labeled CTRL or CTL) and the Meta (sometimes labeled ALT or
       even Compose) keys. In this manual we will use the following
       abbreviations:

       C-<chr>
              means hold the Control key while typing the character <chr>.
              Thus C-f would be: hold the Control key and type f.

       Alt-<chr>
              means hold the Meta or Alt key down while typing <chr>.  If
              there is no Meta or Alt key, type ESC, release it, then type the
              character <chr>.

       S-<chr>
              means hold the Shift key down while typing <chr>.

       All input lines in the Midnight Commander use an approximation to the
       GNU Emacs editor's key bindings (default).

       You may redefine key bindings. See redefine hotkey bindings

       for more info. All other key bindings (described in this manual) are
       relative to default behavior.

       There are many sections which tell about the keys. The following are
       the most important.

       The File Menu section documents the keyboard shortcuts for the commands
       appearing in the File menu. This section includes the function keys.
       Most of these commands perform some action, usually on the selected
       file or the tagged files.

       The Directory Panels section documents the keys which select a file or
       tag files as a target for a later action (the action is usually one
       from the file menu).

       The Shell Command Line section list the keys which are used for
       entering and editing command lines. Most of these copy file names and
       such from the directory panels to the command line (to avoid excessive
       typing) or access the command line history.

       Input Line Keys are used for editing input lines. This means both the
       command line and the input lines in the query dialogs.

  Redefine hotkey bindings
       Hotkey bindings may be read from external file (keymap-file).
       Initially, Mignight Commander creates key bindings using keymap defined
       in the source code. Then, two files /usr/local/share/mc/mc.keymap and
       /etc/mc/mc.keymap are loaded always, sequentially reassigned key
       bindings defined earlier.  User-defined keymap-file is searched on the
       following algorithm (to the first one found):

              1) command line option -K <keymap> or --keymap=<keymap>
              2) Environment variable MC_KEYMAP
              3) Parameter keymap in section [Midnight-Commander] of config
              file.
              4) File ~/.config/mc/mc.keymap

       Command line option, environment variable and parameter in config file
       may contain the absolute path to the keymap-file (with the extension
       .keymap or without it). Search of keymap-file will occur in (to the
       first one found):

              1) ~/.config/mc
              2) /etc/mc/
              3) /usr/local/share/mc/

  Miscellaneous Keys
       Here are some keys which don't fall into any of the other categories:

       Enter  if there is some text in the command line (the one at the bottom
              of the panels), then that command is executed. If there is no
              text in the command line then if the selection bar is over a
              directory the Midnight Commander does a chdir(2) to the selected
              directory and reloads the information on the panel; if the
              selection is an executable file then it is executed. Finally, if
              the extension of the selected file name matches one of the
              extensions in the extensions file then the corresponding command
              is executed.

       C-l    repaint all the information in the Midnight Commander.

       C-x c  run the Chmod command on a file or on the tagged files.

       C-x o  run the Chown command on the current file or on the tagged
              files.

       C-x l  run the hard link command.

       C-x s  run the absolute symbolic link command.

       C-x v  run the relative symbolic link command. See the File Menu
              section for more information about symbolic links.

       C-x i  set the other panel display mode to information.

       C-x q  set the other panel display mode to quick view.

       C-x !  execute the External panelize command.

       C-x h  run the add directory to hotlist command.

       Alt-!  executes the Filtered view command, described in the view
              command.

       Alt-?  executes the Find file command.

       Alt-c  pops up the quick cd dialog.

       C-o    when the program is being run in the Linux or FreeBSD console or
              under an xterm, it will show you the output of the previous
              command.  When ran on the Linux console, the Midnight Commander
              uses an external program (cons.saver) to handle saving and
              restoring of information on the screen.

       When the subshell support is compiled in, you can type C-o at any time
       and you will be taken back to the Midnight Commander main screen, to
       return to your application just type C-o.  If you have an application
       suspended by using this trick, you won't be able to execute other
       programs from the Midnight Commander until you terminate the suspended
       application.

  Directory Panels
       This section lists the keys which operate on the directory panels. If
       you want to know how to change the appearance of the panels take a look
       at the section on Left and Right Menus.

       Tab, C-i
              change the current panel. The old other panel becomes the new
              current panel and the old current panel becomes the new other
              panel. The selection bar moves from the old current panel to the
              new current panel.

       Insert, C-t
              to tag files you may use the Insert key (the kich1 terminfo
              sequence).  To untag files, just retag a tagged file.

       M-e    to change charset of panel you may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is
              made from selected codepage into system codepage. To cancel the
              recoding you may select "directory up" (..) in active panel.  To
              cancel the charsets in all directories, select "No translation "
              in the dialog of encodings.

       Alt-g, Alt-r, Alt-j
              used to select the top file in a panel, the middle file and the
              bottom one, respectively.

       Alt-t  toggle the current display listing to show the next display
              listing mode.  With this it is possible to quickly switch to
              brief listing, long listing, user defined listing mode, and back
              to the default.

       C-\ (control-backslash)
              show the directory hotlist and change to the selected directory.

       +  (plus)
              this is used to select (tag) a group of files.  The Midnight
              Commander will prompt for a selection options. When Files only
              checkbox is on, only files will be selected.  If Files only is
              off, as files as directories will be selected.  When Shell
              Patterns checkbox is on, the regular expression is much like the
              filename globbing in the shell (* standing for zero or more
              characters and ? standing for one character). If Shell Patterns
              is off, then the tagging of files is done with normal regular
              expressions (see ed (1)). When Case sensitive checkbox is on,
              the selection will be case sensitive characters.  If Case
              sensitive is off, the case will be ignored.

       \ (backslash)
              use the "\" key to unselect a group of files. This is the
              opposite of the Plus key.

       up-key, C-p
              move the selection bar to the previous entry in the panel.

       down-key, C-n
              move the selection bar to the next entry in the panel.

       home, a1, Alt-<
              move the selection bar to the first entry in the panel.

       end, c1, Alt->
              move the selection bar to the last entry in the panel.

       next-page, C-v
              move the selection bar one page down.

       prev-page, Alt-v
              move the selection bar one page up.

       Alt-o  If the currently selected file is a directory, load that
              directory on the other panel and moves the selection to the next
              file. If the currently selected file is not a directory, load
              the parent directory on the other panel and moves the selection
              to the next file.

       Alt-i  make the current directory of the current panel also the current
              directory of the other panel.  Put the other panel to the
              listing mode if needed.  If the current panel is panelized, the
              other panel doesn't become panelized.

       C-PageUp, C-PageDown
              only when supported by the terminal: change to ".." and to the
              currently selected directory respectively.

       Alt-y  moves to the previous directory in the history, equivalent to
              clicking the < with the mouse.

       Alt-u  moves to the next directory in the history, equivalent to
              clicking the > with the mouse.

       Alt-Shift-h, Alt-H
              displays the directory history, equivalent to depressing the 'v'
              with the mouse.

  Quick search
       The Quick search mode allows you to perform fast file search in file
       panel.  Press C-s or Alt-s to start a filename search in the directory
       listing.

       When the search is active, the user input will be added to the search
       string instead of the command line. If the Show mini-status option is
       enabled the search string is shown on the mini-status line. When
       typing, the selection bar will move to the next file starting with the
       typed letters. The Backspace or DEL keys can be used to correct typing
       mistakes. If C-s is pressed again, the next match is searched for.

       If quick search is started with double pressing of C-s, the previous
       quick search pattern will be used for current search.

       Besides the filename characters, you can also use wildcard characters
       '*' and '?'.

  Shell Command Line
       This section lists keys which are useful to avoid excessive typing when
       entering shell commands.

       Alt-Enter
              copy the currently selected file name to the command line.

       C-Enter
              same a Alt-Enter.  May not work on remote systems and some
              terminals.

       C-Shift-Enter
              copy the full path name of the currently selected file to the
              command line.  May not work on remote systems and some
              terminals.

       Alt-Tab
              does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname
              completion for you.

       C-x t, C-x C-t
              copy the tagged files (or if there are no tagged files, the
              selected file) of the current panel (C-x t) or of the other
              panel (C-x C-t) to the command line.

       C-x p, C-x C-p
              the first key sequence copies the current path name to the
              command line, and the second one copies the unselected panel's
              path name to the command line.

       C-q    the quote command can be used to insert characters that are
              otherwise interpreted by the Midnight Commander (like the '+'
              symbol)

       Alt-p, Alt-n
              use these keys to browse through the command history. Alt-p
              takes you to the last entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.

       Alt-h  displays the history for the current input line.

  General Movement Keys
       The help viewer, the file viewer and the directory tree use common code
       to handle moving. Therefore they accept exactly the same keys. Each of
       them also accepts some keys of its own.

       Other parts of the Midnight Commander use some of the same movement
       keys, so this section may be of use for those parts too.

       Up, C-p
              moves one line backward.

       Down, C-n
              moves one line forward.

       Prev Page, Page Up, Alt-v
              moves one page up.

       Next Page, Page Down, C-v
              moves one page down.

       Home, A1
              moves to the beginning.

       End, C1
              move to the end.

       The help viewer and the file viewer accept the following keys in
       addition the to ones mentioned above:

       b, C-b, C-h, Backspace, Delete
              moves one page up.

       Space bar
              moves one page down.

       u, d   moves one half of a page up or down.

       g, G   moves to the beginning or to the end.

  Input Line Keys
       The input lines (they are used for the command line and for the query
       dialogs in the program) accept these keys:

       C-a    puts the cursor at the beginning of line.

       C-e    puts the cursor at the end of the line.

       C-b, move-left
              move the cursor one position left.

       C-f, move-right
              move the cursor one position right.

       Alt-f  moves one word forward.

       Alt-b  moves one word backward.

       C-h, Backspace
              delete the previous character.

       C-d, Delete
              delete the character in the point (over the cursor).

       C-@    sets the mark for cutting.

       C-w    copies the text between the cursor and the mark to a kill buffer
              and removes the text from the input line.

       Alt-w  copies the text between the cursor and the mark to a kill
              buffer.

       C-y    yanks back the contents of the kill buffer.

       C-k    kills the text from the cursor to the end of the line.

       Alt-p, Alt-n
              Use these keys to browse through the command history. Alt-p
              takes you to the last entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.

       Alt-C-h, Alt-Backspace
              delete one word backward.

       Alt-Tab
              does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname
              completion for you.


Menu Bar

       The menu bar pops up when you press F9 or click the mouse on the top
       row of the screen. The menu bar has five menus: "Left", "File",
       "Command", "Options" and "Right".

       The Left and Right Menus allow you to modify the appearance of the left
       and right directory panels.

       The File Menu lists the actions you can perform on the currently
       selected file or the tagged files.

       The Command Menu lists the actions which are more general and bear no
       relation to the currently selected file or the tagged files.

       The Options Menu lists the actions which allow you to customize the
       Midnight Commander.

  Left and Right (Above and Below) Menus
       The outlook of the directory panels can be changed from the Left and
       Right menus (they are named Above and Below when the horizontal panel
       split is chosen from the Layout options dialog).

    Listing Mode...
       The listing mode view is used to display a listing of files, there are
       four different listing modes available: Full, Brief, Long and User.
       The full directory view shows the file name, the size of the file and
       the modification time.

       The brief view shows only the file name and it has from 1 up to 9
       columns (therefore showing more files unlike other views). The long
       view is similar to the output of ls -l command. The long view takes the
       whole screen width.

       If you choose the "User" display format, then you have to specify the
       display format.

       The user display format must start with a panel size specifier.  This
       may be "half" or "full", and they specify a half screen panel and a
       full screen panel respectively.

       After the panel size, you may specify the two columns mode on the
       panel, this is done by adding the number "2" to the user format string.

       After this you add the name of the fields with an optional size
       specifier.  This are the available fields you may display:

       name   displays the file name.

       size   displays the file size.

       bsize  is an alternative form of the size format. It displays the size
              of the files and for directories it just shows SUB-DIR or
              UP--DIR.

       type   displays a one character wide type field.  This character is
              similar to what is displayed by ls with the -F flag - * for
              executable files, / for directories, @ for links, = for sockets,
              - for character devices, + for block devices, | for pipes, ~ for
              symbolic links to directories and !  for stale symlinks (links
              that point nowhere).

       mark   an asterisk if the file is tagged, a space if it's not.

       mtime  file's last modification time.

       atime  file's last access time.

       ctime  file's status change time.

       perm   a string representing the current permission bits of the file.

       mode   an octal value with the current permission bits of the file.

       nlink  the number of links to the file.

       ngid   the GID (numeric).

       nuid   the UID (numeric).

       owner  the owner of the file.

       group  the group of the file.

       inode  the inode of the file.

       Also you can use following keywords to define the panel layout:

       space  a space in the display format.

       |      add a vertical line to the display format.

       To force one field to a fixed size (a size specifier), you just add :
       followed by the number of characters you want the field to have.  If
       the number is followed by the symbol +, then the size specifies the
       minimal field size - if the program finds out that there is more space
       on the screen, it will then expand that field.

       For example, the Full display corresponds to this format:

       half type name | size | mtime

       And the Long display corresponds to this format:

       full perm space nlink space owner space group space size space mtime
       space name

       This is a nice user display format:

       half name | size:7 | type mode:3

       Panels may also be set to the following modes:

       Info   The info view display information related to the currently
              selected file and if possible information about the current file
              system.

       Tree   The tree view is quite similar to the directory tree feature.
              See the section about it for more information.

       Quick View
              In this mode, the panel will switch to a reduced viewer that
              displays the contents of the currently selected file, if you
              select the panel (with the tab key or the mouse), you will have
              access to the usual viewer commands.

    Sort Order...
       The eight sort orders are by name, by extension, by modification time,
       by access time, and by inode information modification time, by size, by
       inode and unsorted.  In the Sort order dialog box you can choose the
       sort order and you may also specify if you want to sort in reverse
       order by checking the reverse box.

       By default directories are sorted before files but this can be changed
       from the Panel options menu (option Mix all files).

    Filter...
       The filter command allows you to specify a shell pattern (for example
       *.tar.gz) which the files must match to be shown. Regardless of the
       filter pattern, the directories and the links to directories are always
       shown in the directory panel.

    Reread
       The reread command reload the list of files in the directory. It is
       useful if other processes have created or removed files.

  File Menu
       The Midnight Commander uses the F1 - F10 keys as keyboard shortcuts for
       commands appearing in the file menu.  The escape sequences for the
       function keys are terminfo capabilities kf1 trough kf10.  On terminals
       without function key support, you can achieve the same functionality by
       pressing the ESC key and then a number in the range 1 through 9 and 0
       (corresponding to F1 to F9 and F10 respectively).

       The File menu has the following commands (keyboard shortcuts in
       parentheses):

       Help (F1)

       Invokes the built-in hypertext help viewer. Inside the help viewer, you
       can use the Tab key to select the next link and the Enter key to follow
       that link. The keys Space and Backspace are used to move forward and
       backward in a help page. Press F1 again to get the full list of
       accepted keys.

       Menu (F2)

       Invoke the user menu.  The user menu provides an easy way to provide
       users with a menu and add extra features to the Midnight Commander.

       View (F3, F13)

       View the currently selected file. By default this invokes the Internal
       File Viewer but if the option "Use internal view" is off, it invokes an
       external file viewer specified by the VIEWER environment variable.  If
       VIEWER is undefined, the PAGER environment variable is tried.  If PAGER
       is also undefined, the "view" command is invoked.  If you use F13
       instead, the viewer will be invoked without doing any formatting or
       preprocessing to the file.

       See parameters for external viewer for explain how you may specify an
       extended command line options for external viewers.

       Filtered View (Alt-!)

       This command prompts for a command and its arguments (the argument
       defaults to the currently selected file name), the output from such
       command is shown in the internal file viewer.

       Edit (F4, F14)

       Press F4 to edit the highlighted file.  Press F14 (usually F14) to
       start the editor with a new, empty file.  Currently they invoke the vi
       editor, or the editor specified in the EDITOR environment variable, or
       the Internal File Editor if the use_internal_edit option is on.

       See parameters for external editor for explain how you may specify an
       extended command line options for external editors.

       Copy (F5, F15)

       Press F5 to pop up an input dialog to copy the currently selected file
       (or the tagged files, if there is at least one file tagged) to the
       directory/filename you specify in the input dialog. The destination
       defaults to the directory in the non-selected panel. Space for
       destination file may be preallocated relative to preallocate_space
       configure option.  During this process, you can press C-c or ESC to
       abort the operation.  For details about source mask (which will be
       usually either * or ^\(.*\)$ depending on setting of Use shell
       patterns) and possible wildcards in the destination see Mask
       copy/rename.

       F15 (usually F15) is similar, but defaults to the directory in the
       selected panel. It always operates on the selected file, regardless of
       any tagged files.

       On some systems, it is possible to do the copy in the background by
       clicking on the background button (or pressing Alt-b in the dialog
       box).  The Background Jobs is used to control the background process.

       Link (C-x l)

       Create a hard link to the current file.

       Absolute symlink (C-x s)

       Create a absolute symbolic link to the current file.

       Relative symLink (C-x v)

       Create a relative symbolic link to the current file.

       To those of you who don't know what links are: creating a link to a
       file is a bit like copying the file, but both the source filename and
       the destination filename represent the same file image. For example, if
       you edit one of these files, all changes you make will appear in both
       files. Some people call links aliases or shortcuts.

       A hard link appears as a real file. After making it, there is no way of
       telling which one is the original and which is the link. If you delete
       either one of them the other one is still intact. It is very difficult
       to notice that the files represent the same image. Use hard links when
       you don't even want to know.

       A symbolic link is a reference to the name of the original file. If the
       original file is deleted the symbolic link is useless. It is quite easy
       to notice that the files represent the same image. The Midnight
       Commander shows an "@"-sign in front of the file name if it is a
       symbolic link to somewhere (except to directory, where it shows a tilde
       (~)).  The original file which the link points to is shown on
       mini-status line if the Show mini-status option is enabled. Use
       symbolic links when you want to avoid the confusion that can be caused
       by hard links.

       When you press "C-x s" Midnight Commander will automatically fill in
       the complete path+filename of the original file and suggest a name for
       the link.  You can change either one.

       Sometimes you may want to change the absolute path of the original into
       a relative path. An absolute path starts from the root directory:

       /home/frodo/mc/mc -> /home/frodo/new/mc

       A relative link describes the original file's location starting from
       the location of the link itself:

       /home/frodo/mc/mc -> ../new/mc

       You can force Midnight Commander to suggest a relative path by pressing
       "C-x v" instead of "C-x s".

       Rename/Move (F6, F16)

       Press F6 to pop up an input dialog to copy the currently selected file
       (or the tagged files, if there is at least one file tagged) to the
       directory/filename you specify in the input dialog.  The destination
       defaults to the directory in the non-selected panel. For more details
       look at Copy (F5) operation above, most of the things are quite
       similar.

       F16 (usually F16) is similar, but defaults to the directory in the
       selected panel. It always operates on the selected file, regardless of
       any tagged files.

       On some systems, it is possible to do the copy in the background by
       clicking on the background button (or pressing Alt-b in the dialog
       box).  The Background Jobs is used to control the background process.

       Mkdir (F7)

       Pop up an input dialog and creates the directory specified.

       Delete (F8)

       Delete the currently selected file or the tagged files in the currently
       selected panel. During the process, you can press C-c or ESC to abort
       the operation.

       Quick cd (Alt-c) Use the quick cd command if you have full command line
       and want to cd somewhere.

       Select group (+)

       This is used to select (tag) a group of files. The Midnight Commander
       will prompt for a selection options. When Files only checkbox is on,
       only files will be selected.  If Files only is off, as files as
       directories will be selected.  When Shell Patterns checkbox is on, the
       regular expression is much like the filename globbing in the shell (*
       standing for zero or more characters and ?  standing for one
       character). If Shell Patterns is off, then the tagging of files is done
       with normal regular expressions (see ed (1)). When Case sensitive
       checkbox is on, the selection will be case sensitive characters.  If
       Case sensitive is off, the case will be ignored.

       Unselect group (\)

       Used to unselect a group of files. This is the opposite of the Select
       group command.

       Quit (F10, Shift-F10)

       Terminate the Midnight Commander.  Shift-F10 is used when you want to
       quit and you are using the shell wrapper.  Shift-F10 will not take you
       to the last directory you visited with the Midnight Commander, instead
       it will stay at the directory where you started the Midnight Commander.

    Quick cd
       This command is useful if you have a full command line and want to cd
       somewhere without having to yank and paste the command line. This
       command pops up a small dialog, where you enter everything you would
       enter after cd on the command line and then you press enter. This
       features all the things that are already in the internal cd command.

  Command Menu
       The Directory tree command shows a tree figure of the directories.

       The "Find file" command allows you to search for a specific file.

       The "Swap panels" command swaps the contents of the two directory
       panels.

       The "Switch panels on/off" command shows the output of the last shell
       command.  This works only on xterm and on Linux and FreeBSD console.

       The "Compare directories" command compares the directory panels with
       each other. You can then use the Copy (F5) command to make the panels
       identical. There are three compare methods. The quick method compares
       only file size and file date. The thorough method makes a full
       byte-by-byte compare. The thorough method is not available if the
       machine does not support the mmap(2) system call.  The size-only
       compare method just compares the file sizes and does not check the
       contents or the date times, it just checks the file size.

       The "External panelize" allows you to execute an external program, and
       make the output of that program the contents of the current panel.

       The "Command history" command shows a list of typed commands. The
       selected command is copied to the command line. The command history can
       also be accessed by typing Alt-p or Alt-n.

       The "Directory hotlist" command makes changing of the current directory
       to often used directories faster.

       The "Screen list" command shows a dialog window with the list of
       currently running internal editors, viewers and other MC modules that
       support this mode.

       The "Edit extension file" command allows you to specify programs to
       executed when you try to execute, view, edit and do a bunch of other
       thing on files with certain extensions (filename endings).

       The "Edit Menu File" command may be used for editing the user menu
       (which appears by pressing F2).

    Directory Tree
       The Directory Tree command shows a tree figure of the directories. You
       can select a directory from the figure and the Midnight Commander will
       change to that directory.

       There are two ways to invoke the tree. The real directory tree command
       is available from Commands menu. The other way is to select tree view
       from the Left or Right menu.

       To get rid of long delays the Midnight Commander creates the tree
       figure by scanning only a small subset of all the directories. If the
       directory which you want to see is missing, move to its parent
       directory and press C-r (or F2).

       You can use the following keys:

       General movement keys are accepted.

       Enter.  In the directory tree, exits the directory tree and changes to
       this directory in the current panel. In the tree view, changes to this
       directory in the other panel and stays in tree view mode in the current
       panel.

       C-r, F2 (Rescan).  Rescan this directory. Use this when the tree figure
       is out of date: it is missing subdirectories or shows some
       subdirectories which don't exist any more.

       F3 (Forget).  Delete this directory from the tree figure. Use this to
       remove clutter from the figure. If you want the directory back to the
       tree figure press F2 in its parent directory.

       F4 (Static/Dynamic).  Toggle between the dynamic navigation mode
       (default) and the static navigation mode.

       In the static navigation mode you can use the Up and Down keys to
       select a directory. All known directories are shown.

       In the dynamic navigation mode you can use the Up and Down keys to
       select a sibling directory, the Left key to move to the parent
       directory, and the Right key to move to a child directory. Only the
       parent, sibling and children directories are shown, others are left
       out. The tree figure changes dynamically as you traverse.

       F5 (Copy).  Copy the directory.

       F6 (RenMov).  Move the directory.

       F7 (Mkdir).  Make a new directory below this directory.

       F8 (Delete).  Delete this directory from the file system.

       C-s, Alt-s.  Search the next directory matching the search string. If
       there is no such directory these keys will move one line down.

       C-h, Backspace.  Delete the last character of the search string.

       Any other character.  Add the character to the search string and move
       to the next directory which starts with these characters. In the tree
       view you must first activate the search mode by pressing C-s. The
       search string is shown in the mini status line.

       The following actions are available only in the directory tree. They
       aren't supported in the tree view.

       F1 (Help).  Invoke the help viewer and show this section.

       Esc, F10.  Exit the directory tree. Do not change the directory.

       The mouse is supported. A double-click behaves like Enter. See also the
       section on mouse support.

    Find File
       The Find File feature first asks for the start directory for the search
       and the filename to be searched for. By pressing the Tree button you
       can select the start directory from the directory tree figure.

       Option form whole words. Like grep -w.

       You can start the search by pressing the OK button.  During the search
       you can stop from the Stop button and continue from the Start button.

       You can browse the filelist with the up and down arrow keys. The Chdir
       button will change to the directory of the currently selected file. The
       Again button will ask for the parameters for a new search. The Quit
       button quits the search operation. The Panelize button will place the
       found files to the current directory panel so that you can do
       additional operations on them (view, copy, move, delete and so on).
       After panelizing you can press C-r to return to the normal file
       listing.

       The 'Enable ignore directories' checkbox and input field below it allow
       to set up the list of directories that should be skip during the search
       files (for example, you may want to avoid searches on a CD-ROM or on a
       NFS directory that is mounted across a slow link). List components must
       be separated with a colon, here is an example:

       /cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs

       Relative paths are supported also. The following example shows how to
       skip special directories of version control systems:
       /cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs:.svn:.git:CVS

       Attention: input field can contain a dot (.), this means the current
       absolute path.

       You may consider using the External panelize command for some
       operations. Find file command is for simple queries only, while using
       External panelize you can do as mysterious searches as you would like.

    External panelize
       The External panelize allows you to execute an external program, and
       make the output of that program the contents of the current panel.

       For example, if you want to manipulate in one of the panels all the
       symbolic links in the current directory, you can use external
       panelization to run the following command:

       find . -type l -print

       Upon command completion, the directory contents of the panel will no
       longer be the directory listing of the current directory, but all the
       files that are symbolic links.

       If you want to panelize all of the files that have been downloaded from
       your FTP server, you can use this awk command to extract the file name
       from the transfer log files:

       awk '$9 ~! /incoming/ { print $9 }' < /var/log/xferlog

       You may want to save often used panelize commands under a descriptive
       name, so that you can recall them quickly. You do this by typing the
       command on the input line and pressing Add new button. Then you enter a
       name under which you want the command to be saved. Next time, you just
       choose that command from the list and do not have to type it again.

    Hotlist
       The Directory hotlist command shows the labels of the directories in
       the directory hotlist.  The Midnight Commander will change to the
       directory corresponding to the selected label.  From the hotlist
       dialog, you can remove already created label/directory pairs and add
       new ones.  To add new directories quickly, you can use the Add to
       hotlist command (C-x h), which adds the current directory into the
       directory hotlist, asking just for the label for the directory.

       This makes cd to often used directories faster. You may consider using
       the CDPATH variable as described in internal cd command description.

    Edit Extension File
       This will invoke your editor on the file ~/.config/mc/mc.ext.  The
       format of this file following:

       All lines starting with # or empty lines are thrown away.

       Lines starting in the first column should have following format:

       keyword/expr, i.e. everything after the slash until new line is expr.

       keyword can be:

       shell  - expr is an extension (no wildcards).  File matches it its name
              ends with expr.  Example: shell/.tar matches *.tar.

       regex  - expr is a regular expression.  File matches if its name
              matches the regular expression.

       directory
              - expr is a regular expression.  File matches if it is a
              directory and its name matches the regular expression.

       type   - expr is a regular expression.  File matches if the output of
              file %f without the initial "filename:" part matches regular
              expression expr.

       default
              - matches any file.  expr is ignored.

       include
              - denotes a common section.  expr is the name of the section.

       Other lines should start with a space or tab and should be of the
       format: keyword=command (with no spaces around =), where keyword should
       be: Open (invoked on Enter or double click), View (F3), Edit (F4) or
       Include (to add rules from the common section).  command is any
       one-line shell command, with the simple macro substitution.

       Rules are matched from top to bottom, thus the order is important.  If
       the appropriate action is missing, search continues as if this rule
       didn't match (i.e. if a file matches the first and second entry and
       View action is missing in the first one, then on pressing F3 the View
       action from the second entry will be used).  default should match all
       the actions.

    Background Jobs
       This lets you control the state of any background Midnight Commander
       process (only copy and move files operations can be done in the
       background).  You can stop, restart and kill a background job from
       here.

    Edit Menu File
       The user menu is a menu of useful actions that can be customized by the
       user. When you access the user menu, the file .mc.menu from the current
       directory is used if it exists, but only if it is owned by user or root
       and is not world-writable.  If no such file found, ~/.config/mc/menu is
       tried in the same way, and otherwise mc uses the default system-wide
       menu /usr/local/share/mc/mc.menu.

       The format of the menu file is very simple. Lines that start with
       anything but space or tab are considered entries for the menu (in order
       to be able to use it like a hot key, the first character should be a
       letter). All the lines that start with a space or a tab are the
       commands that will be executed when the entry is selected.

       When an option is selected all the command lines of the option are
       copied to a temporary file in the temporary directory (usually
       /usr/tmp) and then that file is executed. This allows the user to put
       normal shell constructs in the menus. Also simple macro substitution
       takes place before executing the menu code. For more information, see
       macro substitution.

       Here is a sample mc.menu file:

       A    Dump the currently selected file
            od -c %f

       B    Edit a bug report and send it to root
            I=`mktemp ${MC_TMPDIR:-/tmp}/mail.XXXXXX` || exit 1
            vi $I
            mail -s "Midnight Commander bug" root < $I
            rm -f $I

       M    Read mail
            emacs -f rmail

       N    Read Usenet news
            emacs -f gnus

       H    Call the info hypertext browser
            info

       J    Copy current directory to other panel recursively
            tar cf - . | (cd %D && tar xvpf -)

       K    Make a release of the current subdirectory
            echo -n "Name of distribution file: "
            read tar
            ln -s %d `dirname %d`/$tar
            cd ..
            tar cvhf ${tar}.tar $tar

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       X       Extract the contents of a compressed tar file
            tar xzvf %f

       Default Conditions

       Each menu entry may be preceded by a condition. The condition must
       start from the first column with a '=' character. If the condition is
       true, the menu entry will be the default entry.

       Condition syntax:   = <sub-cond>
         or:               = <sub-cond> | <sub-cond> ...
         or:               = <sub-cond> & <sub-cond> ...

       Sub-condition is one of following:

         y <pattern>       syntax of current file matching pattern?
                      (for edit menu only)
         f <pattern>       current file matching pattern?
         F <pattern>       other file matching pattern?
         d <pattern>       current directory matching pattern?
         D <pattern>       other directory matching pattern?
         t <type>          current file of type?
         T <type>          other file of type?
         x <filename>      is it executable filename?
         ! <sub-cond>      negate the result of sub-condition

       Pattern is a normal shell pattern or a regular expression, according to
       the shell patterns option. You can override the global value of the
       shell patterns option by writing "shell_patterns=x" on the first line
       of the menu file (where "x" is either 0 or 1).

       Type is one or more of the following characters:

         n  not a directory
         r  regular file
         d  directory
         l  link
         c  character device
         b  block device
         f  FIFO (pipe)
         s  socket
         x  executable file
         t  tagged

       For example 'rlf' means either regular file, link or fifo. The 't' type
       is a little special because it acts on the panel instead of the file.
       The condition '=t t' is true if there are tagged files in the current
       panel and false if not.

       If the condition starts with '=?' instead of '=' a debug trace will be
       shown whenever the value of the condition is calculated.

       The conditions are calculated from left to right. This means
            = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       is calculated as
            ( (f *.tar.gz) | (f *.tgz) ) & (t n)

       Here is a sample of the use of conditions:

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       L    List the contents of a compressed tar-archive
            gzip -cd %f | tar xvf -

       Addition Conditions

       If the condition begins with '+' (or '+?') instead of '=' (or '=?') it
       is an addition condition. If the condition is true the menu entry will
       be included in the menu. If the condition is false the menu entry will
       not be included in the menu.

       You can combine default and addition conditions by starting condition
       with '+=' or '=+' (or '+=?' or '=+?' if you want debug trace). If you
       want to use two different conditions, one for adding and another for
       defaulting, you can precede a menu entry with two condition lines, one
       starting with '+' and another starting with '='.

       Comments are started with '#'. The additional comment lines must start
       with '#', space or tab.

  Options Menu
       The Midnight Commander has some options that may be toggled on and off
       in several dialogs which are accessible from this menu. Options are
       enabled if they have an asterisk or "x" in front of them.

       The Configuration command pops up a dialog from which you can change
       most of settings of the Midnight Commander.

       The Layout command pops up a dialog from which you specify a bunch of
       options how mc looks like on the screen.

       The Panel options command pops up a dialog from which you specify
       options of file manager panels.

       The Confirmation command pops up a dialog from which you specify which
       actions you want to confirm.

       The Appearance command pops up a dialog from which you specify the
       skin.

       The Display bits command pops up a dialog from which you may select
       which characters is your terminal able to display.

       The Learn keys command pops up a dialog from which you test some keys
       which are not working on some terminals and you may fix them.

       The Virtual FS command pops up a dialog from which you specify some VFS
       related options.

       The Save setup command saves the current settings of the Left, Right
       and Options menus. A small number of other settings is saved, too.

    Configuration
       The options in this dialog are divided into several groups: "File
       operation options", "Esc key mode", "Pause after run" and "Other
       options".

       File operation options

       Verbose operation.  This toggles whether the file Copy, Rename and
       Delete operations are verbose (i.e., display a dialog box for each
       operation). If you have a slow terminal, you may wish to disable the
       verbose operation. It is automatically turned off if the speed of your
       terminal is less than 9600 bps.

       Compute totals.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander
       computes total byte sizes and total number of files prior to any Copy,
       Rename and Delete operations. This will provide you with a more
       accurate progress bar at the expense of some speed. This option has no
       effect, if Verbose operation is disabled.

       Classic progressbar.  If this option is enabled, the progressbar of
       Copy/Move/Delete operations is always grown form left to right. If
       disabled, the growing direction of progressbar follows to direction of
       Copy/Move/Delete operation: from left panel to right one and vice
       versa. Enabled by default.

       Mkdir autoname.  When you press F7 to create a new directory, the input
       line in popup dialog will be filled by name of current file or
       directory in active panel.  Disabled by default.

       Preallocate space.  Preallocate space for whole target file, if
       possible, before copy operation.  Disabled by default.

       Esc key mode.

       By default the Midnight Commander treats the ESC key as a key prefix.
       Therefore, you should press Esc code twice to exit a dialog. But there
       is a possibility to use a single press of ESC key for that action.

       Single press.  By default this option is disabled. If you'll enable it,
       the ESC key will act as a prefix key for set up time interval (see
       Timeout option below), and if no extra keys have arrived, then the ESC
       key is interpreted as a cancel key (ESC ESC).

       Timeout.  This options is used to setup the time interval (in
       microseconds) for single press of ESC key. By default, this inrerval is
       one second (1000000 microseconds). Also the timeout can be set via
       KEYBOARD_KEY_TIMEOUT_US environment variable (also in microseconds),
       which has higher priority than Timeout option value.

       Pause after run

       After executing your commands, the Midnight Commander can pause, so
       that you can examine the output of the command.  There are three
       possible settings for this variable:

       Never.  Means that you do not want to see the output of your command.
       If you are using the Linux or FreeBSD console or an xterm, you will be
       able to see the output of the command by typing C-o.

       On dumb terminals.  You will get the pause message on terminals that
       are not capable of showing the output of the last command executed (any
       terminal that is not an xterm or the Linux console).

       Always.  The program will pause after executing all of your commands.

       Other options

       Use internal editor.  If this option is enabled, the built-in file
       editor is used to edit files. If the option is disabled, the editor
       specified in the EDITOR environment variable is used.  If no editor is
       specified, vi is used.  See the section on the internal file editor.

       Use internal viewer.  If this option is enabled, the built-in file
       viewer is used to view files. If the option is disabled, the pager
       specified in the PAGER environment variable is used.  If no pager is
       specified, the view command is used.  See the section on the internal
       file viewer.

       Ask new file name.  If this option is enabled, file name is asked
       before open new file in editor.

       Auto menus.  If this option is enabled, the user menu will be invoked
       at startup.  Useful for building menus for non-unixers.

       Drop down menus.  When this option is enabled, the pull down menus will
       be activated as soon as you press the F9 key. Otherwise, you will only
       get the menu title, and you will have to activate the menu either with
       the arrow keys or with the hotkeys. It is recommended if you are using
       hotkeys.

       Shell Patterns.  By default the Select, Unselect and Filter commands
       will use shell-like regular expressions. The following conversions are
       performed to achieve this: the '*' is replaced by '.*' (zero or more
       characters); the '?' is replaced by '.' (exactly one character) and '.'
       by the literal dot. If the option is disabled, then the regular
       expressions are the ones described in ed(1).

       Complete: show all.  By default the Midnight Commander pops up all
       possible completions if the completion is ambiguous only when you press
       Alt-Tab for the second time.  For the first time, it just completes as
       much as possible and beeps in the case of ambiguity.  Enable this
       option if you want to see all possible completions even after pressing
       Alt-Tab the first time.

       Rotating dash.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander shows
       a rotating dash in the upper right corner as a work in progress
       indicator.

       Cd follows links.  This option, if set, causes the Midnight Commander
       to follow the logical chain of directories when changing current
       directory either in the panels, or using the cd command. This is the
       default behavior of bash. When unset, the Midnight Commander follows
       the real directory structure, so cd .. if you've entered that directory
       through a link will move you to the current directory's real parent and
       not to the directory where the link was present.

       Safe delete.  If this option is enabled, deleting files and directory
       hotlist entries unintentionally becomes more difficult.  The default
       selection in the confirmation dialogs for deletion changes from "Yes"
       to "No".  This option is disabled by default.

       Auto save setup.  If this option is enabled, when you exit the Midnight
       Commander the configurable options of the Midnight Commander are saved
       in the ~/.config/mc/ini file.

    Layout
       The layout dialog gives you a possibility to change the general layout
       of screen. The options in this dialog are divided into several groups:
       "Panel split", "Console output" and "Other options".

       Panel split

       The rest of the screen area is used for the two directory panels. You
       can specify whether the area is split to the panels in Vertical or
       Horizontal direction. Panel layout can be changed using Alt-,
       (Alt-comma) shortcut.

       Equal split.  By default, panels have equal sizes. Using this option
       you can specify an unequal split.

       Console output

       On the Linux or FreeBSD console you can specify how many lines are
       shown in the output window. This option is available if Midnight
       Commander runs on native console only.

       Other options

       Menu bar visible.  If enabled, main menu of Midnight Commander is
       always visible on the top row of screen above panels. Enabled by
       default.

       Command prompt.  If enabled, command line is avalable. Enabled by
       default.

       Keybar visible.  If enabled, 10 lables associated with F1-F10 keys are
       located at the bottom row of screen. Enabled by default.

       Hintbar visible.  If enabled, the one-line hints are visible below
       panels. Enabled by default.

       XTerm window title.  When run in a terminal emulator for X11, Midnight
       Commander sets the terminal window title to the current working
       directory and updates it when necessary.  If your terminal emulator is
       broken and you see some incorrect output on startup and directory
       change, turn off this option.  Enabled by default.

       Show free space.  If enabled, free space and total space of current
       file system is shown at the bottom frame of panel. Enabled by default.

    Panel options
       Main panel options

       Show mini-status.  If enabled, one line of status information about the
       currently selected item is shown at the bottom of the panels. Enabled
       by default.

       Use SI size units.  If this option is enabled, Midnight Commander will
       use SI units (powers of 1000) when displaying any byte sizes. The
       suffixes (k, m ...) are shown in lowercase.  If disabled (default),
       Midnight Commander will use binary units (powers of 1024) and the
       suffixes are shown in upper case (K, M ...)

       Mix all files.  If this option is enabled, all files and directories
       are shown mixed together.  If the option is disabled (default),
       directories (and links to directories) are shown at the beginning of
       the listing, and other files below.

       Show backup files.  If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show files
       ending with a tilde.  Otherwise, they won't be shown (like GNU's ls
       option -B). Enabled by default.

       Show hidden files.  If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show all
       files that start with a dot (like ls -a). Disabled by default.

       Fast directory reload.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight
       Commander will use a trick to determine if the directory contents have
       changed.  The trick is to reload the directory only if the i-node of
       the directory has changed; this means that reloads only happen when
       files are created or deleted.  If what changes is the i-node for a file
       in the directory (file size changes, mode or owner changes, etc) the
       display is not updated.  In these cases, if you have the option on, you
       have to rescan the directory manually (with C-r). Disabled by default.

       Mark moves down.  If enabled, the selection bar will move down when you
       mark a file (with Insert key). Enabled by default.

       Reverse files only.  Allow revert selection of files only. Enabled by
       default.  If enabled, the reverse selection is applied to files only,
       not to directories.  The selection of directories is untouched. If off,
       the reverse selection is applied to files as well to directories: all
       unselected items become selected, and vice versa.

       Simple swap.  If both panels contain file listing, simple swap means
       that panels exchange its screen positions: left panel become right one,
       and vice versa. If this option is unchecked, file listing panels
       exchange its content keeping listing format and sort options. Unchecked
       by default.

       Auto save panels setup.  If this option is enabled, when you exit the
       Midnight Commander the current settings of panels are saved in the
       ~/.config/mc/panels.ini file.  Disabled by default.

       Navigation

       Lynx-like motion.  If this option is enabled, you may use the arrows
       keys to automatically chdir if the current selection is a subdirectory
       and the shell command line is empty. By default, this setting is off.

       Page scrolling.  If set (the default), panel will scroll by half the
       display when the cursor reaches the end or the beginning of the panel,
       otherwise it will just scroll a file at a time.

       Mouse page scrolling.  Controls whenever scrolling with the mouse wheel
       is done by pages or line by line on the panels.

       File highlight

       You can specify whether permissions and file types should be
       highlighted with distinctive Colors.  If the permission highlighting is
       enabled, the parts of the perm and mode display fields which apply to
       the user running Midnight Commander are highlighted with the color
       defined by the selected keyword.  If the file type highlighting is
       enabled, file names are colored according to rules described in
       /etc/mc/filehighlight.ini file. See Filenames Highlight for more info.

       Quick search

       You can specify how the Quick search mode should works: case
       insensitively, case sensitively or be matched to the the panel sort
       order: case sensitive or not.

    Confirmation
       In this dialog you configure the confirmation options for file
       deletion, overwriting files, execution by pressing enter, quitting the
       program, directory hotlist entries deletion and history cleanup.

    Appearance
       In this dialog you can select the skin to be used.

       See the Skins section for technical details about the skin definition
       files.

    Display bits
       This is used to configure the range of visible characters on the
       screen.  This setting may be 7-bits if your terminal/curses supports
       only seven output bits, ISO-8859-1 displays all the characters in the
       ISO-8859-1 map and full 8 bits is for those terminals that can display
       full 8 bit characters.

    Learn keys
       This dialog allows you to test and redefine functional keys, cursor
       arrows and some other keys to make them work properly on your terminal.
       They often don't, since many terminal databases are incomplete or
       broken.

       You can move around with the Tab key and with the vi moving keys ('h'
       left, 'j' down, 'k' up and 'l' right).  Once you press any cursor
       movement key and it is recognized, you can use that key as well.

       You can test keys just by pressing each of them.  When you press a key
       and it is recognized properly, OK should appear next to the name of
       that key.  Once a key is marked OK it starts working as usually, e.g.
       F1 pressed the first time will just check that the F1 key works, but
       after that it will show help.  The same applies to the arrow keys.  The
       Tab key should be working always.

       If some keys do not work properly then you won't see OK appear after
       pressing one of these.  Then you may want to redefine it.  Do it by
       pressing the button with the name of that key (either by the mouse or
       by Enter or Space after selecting the button with Tab or arrows).  Then
       a message box will appear asking you to press that key.  Do it and wait
       until the message box disappears.  If you want to abort, just press
       Escape once and wait.

       When you finish with all the keys, you can Save them.  The definitions
       for the keys you have redefined will be written into the
       [terminal:TERM] section of your ~/.config/mc/ini file (where TERM is
       the name of your current terminal).  The definitions of the keys that
       were already working properly are not saved.

    Virtual FS
       This option gives you control over the settings of the Virtual File
       System.

       The Midnight Commander keeps in memory the information related to some
       of the virtual file systems to speed up the access to the files in the
       file system (for example, directory listings fetched from FTP servers).

       Also, in order to access the contents of compressed files (for example,
       compressed tar files) the Midnight Commander needs to create temporary
       uncompressed files on your disk.

       Since both the information in memory and the temporary files on disk
       take up resources, you may want to tune the parameters of the cached
       information to decrease your resource usage or to maximize the speed of
       access to frequently used file systems.

       Because of the format of the tar archives, the Tar filesystem needs to
       read the whole file just to load the file entries.  Since most tar
       files are usually kept compressed (plain tar files are species in
       extinction), the tar file system has to uncompress the file on the disk
       in a temporary location and then access the uncompressed file as a
       regular tar file.

       Now, since we all love to browse files and tar files all over the disk,
       it's common that you will leave a tar file and then re-enter it later.
       Since decompression is slow, the Midnight Commander will cache the
       information in memory for a limited time.  When the timeout expires,
       all the resources associated with the file system are released.  The
       default timeout is set to one minute.

       The FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to browse directories on remote
       FTP servers.  It has several options.

       ftp anonymous password is the password used when you login as
       "anonymous".  Some sites require a valid e-mail address.  On the other
       hand, you probably don't want to give your real e-mail address to
       untrusted sites, especially if you are not using spam filtering.

       ftpfs keeps the directory listing it fetches from a FTP server in a
       cache.  The cache expire time is configurable with the ftpfs directory
       cache timeout option.  A low value for this option may slow down every
       operation on the ftpfs because every operation would require sending a
       request to the FTP server.

       You can define an FTP proxy host for doing FTP.  Note that most modern
       firewalls are fully transparent at least for passive FTP (see below),
       so FTP proxies are considered obsolete.

       If Always use ftp proxy is not set, you can use the exclamation sign to
       enable proxy for certain hosts.  See FTP File System for examples.

       If this option is set, the program will do two things: consult the
       /usr/local/lib/mc/mc.no_proxy file for lines containing host names that
       are local (if the host name starts with a dot, it is assumed to be a
       domain) and to assume that any hostnames without dots in their names
       are directly accessible.  All other hosts will be accessed through the
       specified FTP proxy.

       You can enable using ~/.netrc file, which keeps login names and
       passwords for ftp servers.  See netrc (5) for the description of the
       .netrc format.

       Use passive mode enables using FTP passive mode, when the connection
       for data transfer is initiated by the client, not by the server.  This
       option is recommended and enabled by default.  If this option is turned
       off, the data connection is initiated by the server.  This may not work
       with some firewalls.

    Save Setup
       At startup the Midnight Commander will try to load initialization
       information from the ~/.config/mc/ini file. If this file doesn't exist,
       it will load the information from the system-wide configuration file,
       located in /usr/local/share/mc/mc.ini. If the system-wide configuration
       file doesn't exist, MC uses the default settings.

       The Save Setup command creates the ~/.config/mc/ini file by saving the
       current settings of the Left, Right and Options menus.

       If you activate the auto save setup option, MC will always save the
       current settings when exiting.

       There also exist settings which can't be changed from the menus. To
       change these settings you have to edit the setup file with your
       favorite editor. See the section on Special Settings for more
       information.


Executing operating system commands

       You may execute commands by typing them directly in the Midnight
       Commander's input line, or by selecting the program you want to execute
       with the selection bar in one of the panels and hitting Enter.

       If you press Enter over a file that is not executable, the Midnight
       Commander checks the extension of the selected file against the
       extensions in the Extensions File.  If a match is found then the code
       associated with that extension is executed. A very simple macro
       expansion takes place before executing the command.

  The cd internal command
       The cd command is interpreted by the Midnight Commander, it is not
       passed to the command shell for execution.  Thus it may not handle all
       of the nice macro expansion and substitution that your shell does,
       although it does some of them:

       Tilde substitution.  The (~) will be substituted with your home
       directory, if you append a username after the tilde, then it will be
       substituted with the login directory of the specified user.

       For example, ~guest is the home directory for the user guest, while
       ~/guest is the directory guest in your home directory.

       Previous directory.  You can jump to the directory you were previously
       by using the special directory name '-' like this: cd -

       CDPATH directories.  If the directory specified to the cd command is
       not in the current directory, then The Midnight Commander uses the
       value in the environment variable CDPATH to search for the directory in
       any of the named directories.

       For example you could set your CDPATH variable to ~/src:/usr/src,
       allowing you to change your directory to any of the directories inside
       the ~/src and /usr/src directories, from any place in the file system
       by using its relative name (for example cd linux could take you to
       /usr/src/linux).

  Macro Substitution
       When accessing a user menu, or executing an extension dependent
       command, or running a command from the command line input, a simple
       macro substitution takes place.

       The macros are:

       %i     The indent of blank space, equal the cursor column position.
              For edit menu only.

       %y     The syntax type of current file. For edit menu only.

       %k     The block file name.

       %e     The error file name.

       %m     The current menu name.

       %f and %p
              The current file name.

       %x     The extension of current file name.

       %b     The current file name without extension.

       %d     The current directory name.

       %F     The current file in the unselected panel.

       %D     The directory name of the unselected panel.

       %t     The currently tagged files.

       %T     The tagged files in the unselected panel.

       %u and %U
              Similar to the %t and %T macros, but in addition the files are
              untagged.  You can use this macro only once per menu file entry
              or extension file entry, because next time there will be no
              tagged files.

       %s and %S
              The selected files: The tagged files if there are any. Otherwise
              the current file.

       %cd    This is a special macro that is used to change the current
              directory to the directory specified in front of it.  This is
              used primarily as an interface to the Virtual File System.

       %view  This macro is used to invoke the internal viewer.  This macro
              can be used alone, or with arguments.  If you pass any arguments
              to this macro, they should be enclosed in brackets.

              The arguments are: ascii to force the viewer into ascii mode;
              hex to force the viewer into hex mode; nroff to tell the viewer
              that it should interpret the bold and underline sequences of
              nroff; unformatted to tell the viewer to not interpret nroff
              commands for making the text bold or underlined.

       %%     The % character

       %{some text}
              Prompt for the substitution. An input box is shown and the text
              inside the braces is used as a prompt. The macro is substituted
              by the text typed by the user. The user can press ESC or F10 to
              cancel. This macro doesn't work on the command line yet.

       %var{ENV:default}
              If environment variable ENV is unset, the default is
              substituted.  Otherwise, the value of ENV is substituted.

  The subshell support
       The subshell support is a compile time option, that works with the
       shells: bash, tcsh and zsh.

       When the subshell code is activated the Midnight Commander will spawn a
       concurrent copy of your shell (the one defined in the SHELL variable
       and if it is not defined, then the one in the /etc/passwd file) and run
       it in a pseudo terminal, instead of invoking a new shell each time you
       execute a command, the command will be passed to the subshell as if you
       had typed it.  This also allows you to change the environment
       variables, use shell functions and define aliases that are valid until
       you quit the Midnight Commander.

       If you are using bash you can specify startup commands for the subshell
       in your ~/.local/share/mc/bashrc file and special keyboard maps in the
       ~/.local/share/mc/inputrc file.  tcsh users may specify startup
       commands in the ~/.local/share/mc/tcshrc file.

       When the subshell code is used, you can suspend applications at any
       time with the sequence C-o and jump back to the Midnight Commander, if
       you interrupt an application, you will not be able to run other
       external commands until you quit the application you interrupted.

       An extra added feature of using the subshell is that the prompt
       displayed by the Midnight Commander is the same prompt that you are
       currently using in your shell.

       The OPTIONS section has more information on how you can control the
       subshell code.


Chmod

       The Chmod window is used to change the attribute bits in a group of
       files and directories.  It can be invoked with the C-x c key
       combination.

       The Chmod window has two parts - Permissions and File.

       In the File section are displayed the name of the file or directory and
       its permissions in octal form, as well as its owner and group.

       In the Permissions section there is a set of check buttons which
       correspond to the file attribute bits.  As you change the attribute
       bits, you can see the octal value change in the File section.

       To move between the widgets (buttons and check buttons) use the arrow
       keys or the Tab key.  To change the state of the check buttons or to
       select a button use Space.  You can also use the hotkeys on the buttons
       to quickly activate them.  Hotkeys are shown as highlighted letters on
       the buttons.

       To set the attribute bits, use the Enter key.

       When working with a group of files or directories, you just click on
       the bits you want to set or clear.  Once you have selected the bits you
       want to change, you select one of the action buttons (Set marked or
       Clear marked).

       Finally, to set the attributes exactly to those specified, you can use
       the [Set all] button, which will act on all the tagged files.

       [Marked all] set only marked attributes to all selected files

       [Set marked] set marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Clean marked] clear marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Set] set the attributes of one file

       [Cancel] cancel the Chmod command


Chown

       The Chown command is used to change the owner/group of a file. The hot
       key for this command is C-x o.


Advanced Chown

       The Advanced Chown command is the Chmod and Chown command combined into
       one window. You can change the permissions and owner/group of files at
       once.


File Operations

       When you copy, move or delete files the Midnight Commander shows the
       file operations dialog.  It shows the files currently being processed
       and uses up to three progress bars.  The file bar indicates the
       percentage of the current file that has been processed so far.  The
       count bar shows how many of the tagged files have been handled.  The
       bytes bar indicates the percentage of the total size of the tagged
       files that has been handled.  If the verbose option is off, the file
       and bytes bars are not shown.

       There are two buttons at the bottom of the dialog. Pressing the Skip
       button will skip the rest of the current file. Pressing the Abort
       button will abort the whole operation, the rest of the files are
       skipped.

       There are three other dialogs which you can run into during the file
       operations.

       The error dialog informs about error conditions and has three choices.
       Normally you select either the Skip button to skip the file or the
       Abort button to abort the operation altogether.  You can also select
       the Retry button if you fixed the problem from another terminal.

       The replace dialog is shown when you attempt to copy or move a file on
       the top of an existing file.  The dialog shows the dates and sizes of
       the both files.  Press the Yes button to overwrite the file, the No
       button to skip the file, the All button to overwrite all the files, the
       None button to never overwrite and the Update button to overwrite if
       the source file is newer than the target file.  You can abort the whole
       operation by pressing the Abort button.

       The recursive delete dialog is shown when you try to delete a directory
       which is not empty.  Press the Yes button to delete the directory
       recursively, the No button to skip the directory, the All button to
       delete all the directories and the None button to skip all the
       non-empty directories.  You can abort the whole operation by pressing
       the Abort button.  If you selected the Yes or All button you will be
       asked for a confirmation.  Type "yes" only if you are really sure you
       want to do the recursive delete.

       If you have tagged files and perform an operation on them only the
       files on which the operation succeeded are untagged. Failed and skipped
       files are left tagged.


Mask Copy/Rename

       The copy/move operations let you translate the names of files in an
       easy way.  To do it, you have to specify the correct source mask and
       usually in the trailing part of the destination specify some wildcards.
       All the files matching the source mask are copied/renamed according to
       the target mask.  If there are tagged files, only the tagged files
       matching the source mask are renamed.

       There are other options which you can set:

       Follow links

       determines whether make the symlinks and hardlinks in the source
       directory (recursively in subdirectories) new links in the target
       directory or whether would you like to copy their content.

       Dive into subdirs

       determines the behavior when the source directory is about to be
       copied, but the target directory already exists.  The default action is
       to copy the contents of the source directory into the target directory.
       Enabling this option causes copying the source directory itself into
       the target directory.

       For example, you want to copy directory /foo containing file bar to
       /bla/foo, which is an already existing directory.  Normally (when Dive
       into subdirs is not set), mc would copy file /foo/bar into the file
       /bla/foo/bar.  By enabling this option the /bla/foo/foo directory will
       be created, and /foo/bar will be copied into /bla/foo/foo/bar.

       Preserve attributes

       determines whether to preserve the permissions, timestamps and (if you
       are root) the ownership of the original files.  If this option is not
       set, the current value of the umask will be respected.

       Use shell patterns

       When this option is on you can use the '*' and '?' wildcards in the
       source mask. They work like they do in the shell. In the target mask
       only the '*' and '\<digit>' wildcards are allowed. The first '*'
       wildcard in the target mask corresponds to the first wildcard group in
       the source mask, the second '*' corresponds to the second group and so
       on.  The '\1' wildcard corresponds to the first wildcard group in the
       source mask, the '\2' wildcard corresponds to the second group and so
       on all the way up to '\9'.  The '\0' wildcard is the whole filename of
       the source file.

       Two examples:

       If the source mask is "*.tar.gz", the destination is "/bla/*.tgz" and
       the file to be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will be "foo.tgz" in
       "/bla".

       Suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that "file.c" would
       become "c.file" and so on.  The source mask for this is "*.*" and the
       destination is "\2.\1".

       Use shell patterns off

       When the shell patterns option is off the MC doesn't do automatic
       grouping anymore. You must use '\(...\)' expressions in the source mask
       to specify meaning for the wildcards in the target mask. This is more
       flexible but also requires more typing. Otherwise target masks are
       similar to the situation when the shell patterns option is on.

       Two examples:

       If the source mask is "^\(.*\)\.tar\.gz$", the destination is
       "/bla/*.tgz" and the file to be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will
       be "/bla/foo.tgz".

       Let's suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that "file.c"
       will become "c.file" and so on. The source mask for this is
       "^\(.*\)\.\(.*\)$" and the destination is "\2.\1".

       Case Conversions

       You can also change the case of the filenames.  If you use '\u' or '\l'
       in the target mask, the next character will be converted to uppercase
       or lowercase correspondingly.

       If you use '\U' or '\L' in the target mask, the next characters will be
       converted to uppercase or lowercase correspondingly up to the next '\E'
       or next '\U', '\L' or the end of the file name.

       The '\u' and '\l' are stronger than '\U' and '\L'.

       For example, if the source mask is '*' ( Use shell patterns on) or
       '^\(.*\)$' ( Use shell patterns off) and the target mask is '\L\u*' the
       file names will be converted to have initial upper case and otherwise
       lower case.

       You can also use '\' as a quote character. For example, '\\' is a
       backslash and '\*' is an asterisk.

       Stable symlinks

       commands Midnight Commander, that it should change symlinks in the
       target, so that they'll point to the same location as it did before.
       With absolute symbolic links this does nothing, but if you have a
       relative one, it will recompute its value, adding necessary ../ and
       other directory parts and making the value as short as possible (most
       modern filesystems keep short symlinks inside inodes and thus don't
       waste much disk space).



Select/Unselect Files

       The dialog of group of files and directories selection or uselection.
       The input line allow enter the regular expression of filenames that
       will be selected/unselected.

       When Files only checkbox is on, only files will be selected.  If Files
       only is off, as files as directories will be selected.  When Shell
       Patterns checkbox is on, the regular expression is much like the
       filename globbing in the shell (* standing for zero or more characters
       and ?  standing for one character). If Shell Patterns is off, then the
       tagging of files is done with normal regular expressions (see ed (1)).
       When Case sensitive checkbox is on, the selection will be case
       sensitive characters.  If Case sensitive is off, the case will be
       ignored.


Internal Diff Viewer

       The mcdiff is a visual diff tool. You can compare two files and edit
       them in-place (diffs are updated dynamically). You can browse and view
       a working copy from popular version control systems (GIT, Subversion,
       etc).

       Following shortcuts are available in internal diff viewer of Midnight
       Commander.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Save modified files.

       F4 Edit file of the left panel in the internal editor.

       F14 Edit file of the right panel in the internal editor.

       F5 Merge the current hunk. Only the current hunk will be merged.

       F7 Start search.

       F17 Continue search.

       F10, Esc, q Exit from diff viewer.

       Alt-s, s Toggle show of hunk status.

       Alt-n, l Toggle show of line numbers.

       f Maximize left panel.

       = Make panels equal in width.

       > Reduce the size of the right panel.

       < Reduce the size of the left panel.

       c Toggle show of trailing carriage return (CR) symbol as ^M.

       2, 3, 4, 8 Set tabulation size

       C-u Swap contents of diff panels.

       C-r Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       Enter, Space, n Find next diff hunk.

       Backspace, p Find previous diff hunk.

       g Go to line.

       Down Scroll one line forward.

       Up Scroll one line backward.

       PageUp Move one page up.

       PageDown Mves one page down.

       Home, A1 Moves to the line beginning.

       End Moves to the line end.

       C-Home Move to the file beginning.

       C-End, C1 Move to the file end.


Internal File Viewer

       The internal file viewer provides two display modes: ASCII and hex.  To
       toggle between modes, use the F4 key.

       The viewer will try to use the best method provided by your system or
       the file type to display the information.  Some character sequences,
       which appear most often in preformatted manual pages, are displayed
       bold and underlined, thus making a pretty display of your files.

       When in hex mode, the search function accepts text in quotes and
       constant numbers.  Text in quotes is matched exactly after removing the
       quotes.  Each number matches one byte.  You can mix quoted text with
       constants like this:

       "String" -1 0xBB 012 "more text"

       Note that 012 is an octal number.  -1 is converted to 0xFF.

       Here is a listing of the actions associated with each key that the
       Midnight Commander handles in the internal file viewer.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Toggle the wrap mode.

       F4 Toggle the hex mode.

       F5 Goto line.  This will prompt you for a line number and will display
       that line.

       F6, /.  Regular expression search.

       ?, Reverse regular expression search.

       F7 Normal search / hex mode search.

       C-s, F17, n.  Start normal search if there was no previous search
       expression else find next match.

       C-r.  Start reverse search if there was no previous search expression
       else find next match.

       F8 Toggle Raw/Parsed mode: This will show the file as found on disk or
       if a processing filter has been specified in the mc.ext file, then the
       output from the filter. Current mode is always the other than written
       on the button label, since on the button is the mode which you enter by
       that key.

       F9 Toggle the format/unformat mode: when format mode is on the viewer
       will interpret some string sequences to show bold and underline with
       different colors. Also, on button label is the other mode than current.

       F10, Esc.  Exit the internal file viewer.

       next-page, space, C-v.  Scroll one page forward.

       prev-page, Alt-v, C-b, Backspace.  Scroll one page backward.

       down-key Scroll one line forward.

       up-key Scroll one line backward.

       C-l Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       [n] m Set the mark n.

       [n] r Jump to the mark n.

       C-f Jump to the next file.

       C-b Jump to the previous file.

       Alt-r Toggle the ruler.

       Alt-e to change charset of displayed text may use M-e (Alt-e).
       Recoding is made from selected codepage into system codepage. To cancel
       the recoding you may select "<No translation>" in charset selection
       dialog.

       It's possible to instruct the file viewer how to display a file, look
       at the Edit Extension File section


Internal File Editor

       The internal file editor is a full-featured full screen editor.  It can
       edit files up to 64 megabytes.  It is possible to edit binary files.
       The internal file editor is invoked using F4 if the use_internal_edit
       option is set in the initialization file.

       The features it presently supports are: block copy, move, delete, cut,
       paste; key for key undo; pull-down menus; file insertion; macro
       commands; regular expression search and replace; shift-arrow text
       highlighting (if supported by the terminal); insert-overwrite toggle;
       word wrap; autoindent; tunable tab size; syntax highlighting for
       various file types; and an option to pipe text blocks through shell
       commands like indent and ispell.

       Sections:

              Options of editor in ini-file

       The editor is very easy to use and requires no tutoring. To see what
       keys do what, just consult the appropriate pull-down menu. Other keys
       are: Shift movement keys do text highlighting.  Ctrl-Ins copies to the
       file mcedit.clip and Shift-Ins pastes from mcedit.clip.  Shift-Del cuts
       to mcedit.clip, and Ctrl-Del deletes highlighted text. Mouse
       highlighting also works, and you can override the mouse as usual by
       holding down the shift key while dragging the mouse to let normal
       terminal mouse highlighting work.

       To define a macro, press Ctrl-R and then type out the key strokes you
       want to be executed. Press Ctrl-R again when finished. You can then
       assign the macro to any key you like by pressing that key. The macro is
       executed when you press Ctrl-A and then the assigned key. The macro is
       also executed if you press Meta, Ctrl, or Esc and the assigned key,
       provided that the key is not used for any other function. Once defined,
       the macro commands go into the file
       ~/.local/share/mc/mcedit/mcedit.macros You can delete a macro by
       deleting the appropriate line in this file.

       To change charset of displayed text may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is
       made from selected codepage into system codepage. To cancel the
       recoding you may select "<No translation>" in charset selection dialog.

       F19 will format the currently highlighted block (plain text or C or C++
       code or another). This is controlled by the file
       /usr/local/share/mc/edit.indent.rc which is copied to
       ~/.local/share/mc/mcedit/edit.indent.rc in your home directory the
       first time you use it.

       The editor also displays non-us characters (160+). When editing binary
       files, you should set display bits to 7 bits in the options menu to
       keep the spacing clean.


Options of editor in ini-file

       Some editor options of ini-file are described in this section.  Options
       are placed in [Midnight-Commander] section

       editor_wordcompletion_collect_entire_file
              Search autocomplete candidates in entire of file or just from
              begin of file to cursor position (0)


Screen selector

       Midnight Commander supports running many internal modules (such as
       editor, viewer and diff viewer) simultaneously and switching between
       them without closing open files. Using several file managers at a time,
       however, is not currently supported.

       Let's call each of these modules a screen. There are three ways to
       switch between screens, using one of these global shortcuts:

       Alt-}  switch to the next screen;

       Alt-{  switch to the previous screen;

       Alt-`  open a dialog window with the list of currently open screens (or
              use the "Screen list" menu item).


Completion

       Let the Midnight Commander type for you.

       Attempt to perform completion on the text before current position.  MC
       attempts completion treating the text as variable (if the text begins
       with $), username (if the text begins with ~), hostname (if the text
       begins with @) or command (if you are on the command line in the
       position where you might type a command, possible completions then
       include shell reserved words and shell built-in commands as well) in
       turn.  If none of these matches, filename completion is attempted.

       Filename, username, variable and hostname completion works on all input
       lines, command completion is command line specific.  If the completion
       is ambiguous (there are more different possibilities), MC beeps and the
       following action depends on the setting of the Complete: show all
       option in the Configuration dialog.  If it is enabled, a list of all
       possibilities pops up next to the current position and you can select
       with the arrow keys and Enter the correct entry.  You can also type the
       first letters in which the possibilities differ to move to a subset of
       all possibilities and complete as much as possible.  If you press
       Alt-Tab again, only the subset will be shown in the listbox, otherwise
       the first item which matches all the previous characters will be
       highlighted.  As soon as there is no ambiguity, dialog disappears, but
       you can hide it by canceling keys Esc, F10 and left and right arrow
       keys. If Complete: show all is disabled, the dialog pops up only if you
       press Alt-Tab for the second time, for the first time MC just beeps.

       Apply escaping of ?, * and & symbols (as \?, \*, \& ) in filenames to
       disallow use them as metasymbols in regular expressions when
       substitution is performed in the input line.


Virtual File System

       The Midnight Commander is provided with a code layer to access the file
       system; this code layer is known as the virtual file system switch.
       The virtual file system switch allows the Midnight Commander to
       manipulate files not located on the Unix file system.

       Currently the Midnight Commander is packaged with some Virtual File
       Systems (VFS): the local file system, used for accessing the regular
       Unix file system; the ftpfs, used to manipulate files on remote systems
       with the FTP protocol; the tarfs, used to manipulate tar and compressed
       tar files; the undelfs, used to recover deleted files on ext2 file
       systems (the default file system for Linux systems), fish (for
       manipulating files over shell connections such as rsh and ssh).  If the
       code was compiled with sftpfs (for manipulating files over SFTP
       connections).  If the code was compiled with smbfs support, you can
       manipulate files on remote systems with the SMB (CIFS) protocol.

       A generic extfs (EXTernal virtual File System) is provided in order to
       easily expand VFS capabilities using scripts and external software.

       The VFS switch code will interpret all of the path names used and will
       forward them to the correct file system, the formats used for each one
       of the file systems is described later in their own section.

  FTP File System
       The FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to manipulate files on remote
       machines.  To actually use it, you can use the FTP link item in the
       menu or directly change your current directory using the cd command to
       a path name that looks like this:

       ftp://[!][user[:pass]@]machine[:port][remote-dir]

       The user, port and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify
       the user element, the Midnight Commander will login to the remote
       machine as that user, otherwise it will use anonymous login or the
       login name from the ~/.netrc file.  The optional pass element is the
       password used for the connection.  Using the password in the VFS
       directory name is not recommended, because it can appear on the screen
       in clear text and can be saved to the directory history.

       To enable using FTP proxy, prepend !  (an exclamation sign) to the
       hostname.

       Examples:

           ftp://ftp.nuclecu.unam.mx/linux/local
           ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/packages
           ftp://!behind.firewall.edu/pub
           ftp://guest@remote-host.com:40/pub
           ftp://miguel:xxx@server/pub

       Please check the Virtual File System dialog box for ftpfs options.

  Tar File System
       The tar file system provides you with read-only access to your tar
       files and compressed tar files by using the chdir command.  To change
       your directory to a tar file, you change your current directory to the
       tar file by using the following syntax:

       /filename.tar/utar://[dir-inside-tar]

       The mc.ext file already provides a shortcut for tar files, this means
       that usually you just point to a tar file and press return to enter
       into the tar file, see the Edit Extension File section for details on
       how this is done.

       Examples:

           mc-3.0.tar.gz/utar://mc-3.0/vfs
           /ftp/GCC/gcc-2.7.0.tar/utar://

       The latter specifies the full path of the tar archive.

  FIle transfer over SHell filesystem
       The fish file system is a network based file system that allows you to
       manipulate the files in a remote machine as if they were local. To use
       this, the other side has to either run fish server, or has to have
       bash-compatible shell.

       To connect to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special
       directory which name is in the following format:

       sh://[user@]machine[:options]/[remote-dir]

       The user, options and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify
       the user element, the Midnight Commander will try to login on the
       remote machine as that user, otherwise it will use your login name.

       The available options are:
         'C' - use compression;
         'r' - use rsh instead of ssh;
         port - specify the port used by remote server.
       If the remote-dir element is present, your current directory on the
       remote machine will be set to this one.

       Examples:

           sh://onlyrsh.mx:r/linux/local
           sh://joe@want.compression.edu:C/private
           sh://joe@noncompressed.ssh.edu/private
           sh://joe@somehost.ssh.edu:2222/private

  SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) filesystem
       The SFTP file system is a network based file system that allows you to
       manipulate the files in a remote machine as if they were local.

       To connect to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special
       directory which name is in the following format:

       sftp://[user@]machine:[port]/[remote-dir]

       The user, port and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify
       the user element, the Midnight Commander will try to login on the
       remote machine as that user, otherwise it will use your login name.
       port - specify the port used by remote server (22 by default).  If the
       remote-dir element is present, your current directory on the remote
       machine will be set to this one.

       Examples:

           sftp://onlyrsh.mx/linux/local
           sftp://joe:password@want.compression.edu/private
           sftp://joe@noncompressed.ssh.edu/private
           sftp://joe@somehost.ssh.edu:2222/private

  Undelete File System
       On Linux systems, if you asked configure to use the ext2fs undelete
       facilities, you will have the undelete file system available.  Recovery
       of deleted files is only available on ext2 file systems.  The undelete
       file system is just an interface to the ext2fs library to retrieve all
       of the deleted files names on an ext2fs and provides and to extract the
       selected files into a regular partition.

       To use this file system, you have to chdir into the special file name
       formed by the "undel://" prefix and the file name where the actual file
       system resides.

       For example, to recover deleted files on the second partition of the
       first SCSI disk on Linux, you would use the following path name:

           undel://sda2

       It may take a while for the undelfs to load the required information
       before you start browsing files there.

  SMB File System
       The smbfs allows you to manipulate files on remote machines with SMB
       (or CIFS) protocol.  These include Windows for Workgroups, Windows
       9x/ME/XP, Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Samba.  To actually use it, you
       may try to use the panel command "SMB link..."  (accessible from the
       menubar) or you may directly change your current directory to it using
       the cd command to a path name that looks like this:

       smb://[user@]machine[/service][/remote-dir]

       The user, service and remote-dir elements are optional.  The user,
       domain and password can be specified in an input dialog.

       Examples:

           smb://machine/Share
           smb://other_machine
           smb://guest@machine/Public/Irlex

  EXTernal File System
       extfs allows you to integrate numerous features and file types into GNU
       Midnight Commander in an easy way, by writing scripts.

       Extfs filesystems can be divided into two categories:

       1. Stand-alone filesystems, which are not associated with any existing
       file.  They represent certain system-wide data as a directory tree.
       You can invoke them by typing 'cd fsname://' where fsname is an extfs
       short name (see below).  Examples of such filesystems include audio
       (list audio tracks on the CD) or apt (list of all Debian packages in
       the system).

       For example, to list CD-Audio tracks on your CD-ROM drive, type

         cd audio://

       2. 'Archive' filesystems (like rpm, patchfs and more), which represent
       contents of a file as a directory tree.  It can consist of 'real' files
       compressed in an archive (urar, rpm) or virtual files, like messages in
       a mailbox (mailfs) or parts of a patch (patchfs).  To access such
       filesystems 'fsname://' should be appended to the archive name.  Note
       that the archive itself can be on another vfs.

       For example, to list contents of a zip archive documents.zip type

         cd documents.zip/uzip://

       In many aspects, you could treat extfs like any other directory.  For
       instance, you can add it to the hotlist or change to it from directory
       history.  An important limitation is that you cannot invoke shell
       commands inside extfs, just like any other non-local VFS.

       Common extfs scripts included with Midnight Commander are:

       a      access 'A:' DOS/Windows diskette (cd a://).

       apt    front end to Debian's APT package management system (cd apt://).

       audio  audio CD ripping and playing (cd audio:// or cd
              device/audio://).

       bpp    package of Bad Penguin GNU/Linux distribution (cd
              file.bpp/bpp://).

       deb    package of Debian GNU/Linux distribution (cd file.deb/deb://).

       dpkg   Debian GNU/Linux installed packages (cd deb://).

       hp48   view and copy files to/from a HP48 calculator (cd hp48://).

       lslR   browsing of lslR listings as found on many FTPs (cd
              filename/lslR://).

       mailfs mbox-style mailbox files support (cd mailbox/mailfs://).

       patchfs
              extfs to handle unified and context diffs (cd
              filename/patchfs://).

       rpm    RPM package (cd filename/rpm://).

       rpms   RPM database management (cd rpms://).

       ulha, urar, uzip, uzoo, uar, uha
              archivers (cd archive/xxxx:// where xxxx is one of: ulha, urar,
              uzip, uzoo, uar, uha).

       You could bind file type/extension to specified extfs as described in
       the Edit Extension File section.  Here is an example entry for Debian
       packages:

         regex/.deb$
                 Open=%cd %p/deb://


Colors

       The Midnight Commander will try to detect if your terminal supports
       color using the terminal database and your terminal name.  Sometimes it
       gets confused, so you may force color mode or disable color mode using
       the -c and -b flag respectively.

       If the program is compiled with the Slang screen manager instead of
       ncurses, it will also check the variable COLORTERM, if it is set, it
       has the same effect as the -c flag.

       You may specify terminals that always force color mode by adding the
       color_terminals variable to the Colors section of the initialization
       file.  This will prevent the Midnight Commander from trying to detect
       if your terminal supports color.  Example:

       [Colors]
       color_terminals=linux,xterm
       color_terminals=terminal-name1,terminal-name2...

       The program can be compiled with both ncurses and slang, ncurses does
       not provide a way to force color mode: ncurses uses just the
       information in the terminal database.

       The Midnight Commander provides a way to change the default colors.
       Currently the colors are configured using the environment variable
       MC_COLOR_TABLE or the Colors section in the initialization file.

       In the Colors section, the default color map is loaded from the
       base_color variable.  You can specify an alternate color map for a
       terminal by using the terminal name as the key in this section.
       Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=
       xterm=menu=magenta:marked=,magenta:markselect=,red

       The format for the color definition is:

         <keyword>=<fgcolor>,<bgcolor>,<attributes>:<keyword>=...

       The colors are optional, and the keywords are: normal, selected,
       disabled, marked, markselect, errors, input, inputmark, inputunchanged,
       commandlinemark, reverse, gauge, header, inputhistory, commandhistory.
       Button bar colors are: bbarhotkey, bbarbutton. Status bar color:
       statusbar. Menu colors are: menunormal, menusel, menuhot, menuhotsel,
       menuinactive. Dialog colors are: dnormal, dfocus, dhotnormal,
       dhotfocus, dtitle. Error dialog colors are: errdfocus, errdhotnormal,
       errdhotfocus, errdtitle.  Help colors are: helpnormal, helpitalic,
       helpbold, helplink, helpslink, helptitle.  Viewer colors are:
       viewnormal, viewbold, viewunderline, viewselected. Editor colors are:
       editnormal, editbold, editmarked, editwhitespace, editlinestate. Popup
       menu colors are: pmenunormal, pmenusel, pmenutitle.

       header determines the color of panel header, the line that contains
       column titles and sort mode indicator.

       input determines the color of input lines used in query dialogs.

       gauge determines the color of the filled part of the progress bar
       (gauge), which is used to show the user the progress of file
       operations, such as copying.

       disabled determines the color of the widget that cannot be selected.

       The dialog boxes use the following colors: dnormal is used for the
       normal text, dfocus is the color used for the currently selected
       component, dhotnormal is the color used to differentiate the hotkey
       color in normal components, whereas the dhotfocus color is used for the
       highlighted color in the currently selected component.

       Menus use the same scheme but uses the menunormal, menusel, menuhot,
       menuhotsel and menuinactive tags instead.

       Help uses the following colors: helpnormal is used for normal text,
       helpitalic is used for text which is emphasized in italic in the manual
       page, helpbold is used for text which is emphasized in bold in the
       manual page, helplink is used for not selected hyperlinks and helpslink
       is used for selected hyperlink.

       Popup menu uses following colors: pmenunormal is used for non-selected
       menu items and as a main color of popup menu window, pmenusel is used
       for selected menu item, pmenutitle is used for popup menu title.

       The possible colors are: black, gray, red, brightred, green,
       brightgreen, brown, yellow, blue, brightblue, magenta, brightmagenta,
       cyan, brightcyan, lightgray and white. And there is a special keyword
       for transparent background. It is 'default'. The 'default' can only be
       used for background color. Another special keyword "base" means mc's
       main colors.  When 256 colors are available, they can be specified
       either as color16 to color255, or as rgb000 to rgb555 and gray0 to
       gray23. Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=normal=white,default:marked=magenta,default

       Attributes can be any of bold, italic, underline, reverse and blink,
       appended by a plus sign if more than one are desired.  The special word
       "none" means no attributes, without attempting to fall back to
       base_color.  Example:

       menuhotsel=yellow;black;bold+underline


Skins

       You can change the appearance of Midnight Commander.  To do this, you
       must specify a file that contain descriptions of colors and lines to
       draw boxes. Redefining of the colors is entirely compatible with the
       assignment of colors, as described in Section Colors.

       If your skin contains any of 256-color definitions, you should define
       the '256colors' key set to TRUE value in [skin] section.

       A skin-file is searched on the following algorithm (to the first one
       found):

              1) command line option -S <skin> or --skin=<skin>
              2) Environment variable MC_SKIN
              3) Parameter skin in section [Midnight-Commander] in config
              file.
              4) File /etc/mc/skins/default.ini
              5) File /usr/local/share/mc/skins/default.ini

       Command line option, environment variable and parameter in config file
       may contain the absolute path to the skin-file (with the extension .ini
       or without it). Search of skin-file will occur in (to the first one
       found):

              1) ~/.local/share/mc/skins/
              2) @sysconfdir@/mc/skins/
              3) /usr/local/share/mc/skins/

       For getting extended info, refer to:

              Description of section and parameters
              Color pair definitions
              Draw lines
              Compatibility

  Description of section and parameters
       Section [skin] contain metainfo for skin-file. Parameter description
       contain short text about skin.

       Section [filehighlight] contain descriptions of color pairs for
       filenames highlighting.  Name of parameters must be equal to names of
       sections into filehighlight.ini file.  See Filenames Highlight for
       getting more info.

       Section [core] describes the elements that are used everywhere.

       _default_
              Default color pair. Used in all other sections if they not
              contain color definitions

       selected
              cursor

       marked selected data

       markselect
              cursor on selected data

       gauge  color of the filled part of the progress bar

       input  color of input lines used in query dialogs

       inputmark
              color of input selected text

       inputunchanged
              color of input text before first modification or cursor movement

       commandlinemark
              color of selected text in command line

       reverse
              reverse color

       Section [dialog] describes the elements that are placed on dialog
       windows (except error dialogs).

       _default_
              Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       dfocus Color of active element (in focus)

       dhotnormal
              Color of hotkeys

       dhotfocus
              Color of hotkeys in focused element

       Section [error] describes the elements that are placed on error dialog
       windows

       _default_
              Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       errdhotnormal
              Color of hotkeys

       errdhotfocus
              Color of hotkeys in focused element

       Section [menu] describes the elements that are placed in menu. This
       section describes system menu (called by F9) and user-defined menus
       (called by F2 in panels and by F11 in editor).

       _default_
              Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       entry  Color of menu items

       menuhot
              Color of menu hotkeys

       menusel
              Color of active menu item (in focus)

       menuhotsel
              Color of menu hotkeys in focused menu item

       menuinactive
              Color of inactive menu

       Section [help] describes the elements that are placed on help window.

       _default_
              Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       helpitalic
              Color pair for element with italic attribute

       helpbold
              Color pair for element with bold attribute

       helplink
              Color of links

       helpslink
              Color of active link (on focus)

       Section [editor] describes the colors of elements placed in editor.

       _default_
              Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       editbold
              Color pair for element with bold attribute

       editmarked
              Color of selected text

       editwhitespace
              Color of tabs and trailing spaces highlighting

       editlinestate
              Color for line state area

       Section [viewer] describes the colors of elements placed in viewer.

       viewunderline
              Color pair for element with underline attribute

  Color pair definitions
       Any parameter in skin-file contain definition of color pair.

       Color pairs described as two colors and the optional attributes
       separated by ';'. First field sets the foreground color, second field
       sets background color, third field sets the attributes.  Any of the
       fields may be omitted, in this case value will be taken from default
       color pair (global color pair or from default color pair of this
       section).

       Example:
       [core]
           # green on black
           _default_=green;black
           # green (default) on blue
           selected=;blue
           # yellow on black (default)
           # underlined yellow on black (default)
           marked=yellow;;underline

       Possible colors (names) and attributes are described in Colors.
       section.

  Draw lines
       Lines sets in section [Lines] into skin-file. By default single lines
       are used, but you may redefine to usage of any utf-8 symbols (like to
       lines, for example).

       WARNING!!!  When you build Midnight Commander with the Ncurses screen
       library usage of drawing lines is limited!  Possible only drawing a
       single lines.  For all questions and comments please contact the
       developers of Ncurses.

       Descriptions of parameters [Lines]:

       lefttop
              left-top line fragment.

       righttop
              right-top line fragment.

       centertop
              down branch of horizontal line

       centerbottom
              up branch of horizontal line

       leftbottom
              left-bottom line fragment

       rightbottom
              right-bottom line fragment

       leftmiddle
              right branch of vertical line

       rightmiddle
              left branch of vertical line

       centermiddle
              cross of lines

       horiz  horizontal line

       vert   vertical line

       thinhoriz
              thin horizontal line

       thinvert
              thin vertical line

  Compatibility
       Appointment of color  by skin-files fully compatible with the
       appointment of the colors described in Colors.  section.

       In this case, reassignment of colors has priority over the skin file
       and is complementary.


Filenames Highlight

       Section [filehighlight] in current skin-file contains key names as
       highlight groups and values as color pairs. Color pairs is documented
       in Skins section.

       Rules of filenames highlight are placed in
       /usr/local/share/mc/filehighlight.ini file
       (~/.config/mc/filehighlight.ini).  Name of section in this file must be
       equal to parameters names in [filehighlight] section (in current
       skin-file).

       Keys in these groups are:

       type   file type. If present, all other options are ignored.

       regexp regular expression. If present, 'extensions' option is ignored.

       extensions
              list of extensions of files. Separated by ';' sign.

       extensions_case
              (make sense only with 'extensions' parameter) make 'extensions'
              rule case sentitive (true) or not (false).

       `type' key may have values:
       - FILE (all files)
         - FILE_EXE
       - DIR (all directories)
         - LINK_DIR
       - LINK (all links except stale link)
         - HARDLINK
         - SYMLINK
       - STALE_LINK
       - DEVICE (all device files)
         - DEVICE_BLOCK
         - DEVICE_CHAR
       - SPECIAL (all special files)
         - SPECIAL_SOCKET
         - SPECIAL_FIFO
         - SPECIAL_DOOR



Special Settings

       Most of the Midnight Commander settings can be changed from the menus.
       However, there are a small number of settings which can only be changed
       by editing the setup file.

       These variables may be set in your ~/.config/mc/ini file:

       clear_before_exec
              By default the Midnight Commander clears the screen before
              executing a command.  If you would prefer to see the output of
              the command at the bottom of the screen, edit your
              ~/.config/mc/ini file and change the value of the field
              clear_before_exec to 0.

       confirm_view_dir
              If you press F3 on a directory, normally MC enters that
              directory.  If this flag is set to 1, then MC will ask for
              confirmation before changing the directory if you have files
              tagged.

       ftpfs_retry_seconds
              This value is the number of seconds the Midnight Commander will
              wait before attempting to reconnect to an FTP server that has
              denied the login.  If the value is zero, the login will no be
              retried.

       max_dirt_limit
              Specifies how many screen updates can be skipped at most in the
              internal file viewer.  Normally this value is not significant,
              because the code automatically adjusts the number of updates to
              skip according to the rate of incoming keystrokes.  However, on
              very slow machines or terminals with a fast keyboard auto
              repeat, a big value can make screen updates too jumpy.

              It seems that setting max_dirt_limit to 10 causes the best
              behavior, and that is the default value.

       mouse_move_pages_viewer
              Controls if scrolling with the mouse is done by pages or line by
              line on the internal file viewer.

       only_leading_plus_minus
              Allow special treatment for '+', '-', '*' in the command line
              (select, unselect, reverse selection) only if the command line
              is empty.  You don't need to quote those characters in the
              middle of the command line.  On the other hand, you cannot use
              them to change selection when the command line is not empty.

       show_output_starts_shell
              This variable only works if you are not using the subshell
              support.  When you use the C-o keystroke to go back to the user
              screen, if this one is set, you will get a fresh shell.
              Otherwise, pressing any key will bring you back to the Midnight
              Commander.

       timeformat_recent
              Change the time format used to display dates less than 6 months
              from now.  See strftime or date man page for the format
              specification. If this option is absent, default timeformat is
              used.

       timeformat_old
              Change the time format used to display  dates older than 6
              months from now or for dates in the future.  See strftime or
              date man page for the format specification. If this option is
              absent, default timeformat is used.

       torben_fj_mode
              If this flag is set, then the home and end keys will work
              slightly different on the panels, instead of moving the
              selection to the first and last files in the panels, they will
              act as follows:

              The home key will: Go up to the middle line, if below it; else
              go to the top line unless it is already on the top line, in this
              case it will go to the first file in the panel.

              The end key has a similar behavior: Go down to the middle line,
              if over it; else go to the bottom line unless you already are at
              the bottom line, in such case it will move the selection to the
              last file name in the panel.

       use_file_to_guess_type
              If this variable is on (the default) it will spawn the file
              command to match the file types listed on the mc.ext file.

       xtree_mode
              If this variable is on (default is off) when you browse the file
              system on a Tree panel, it will automatically reload the other
              panel with the contents of the selected directory.

       fish_directory_timeout
              This variable holds the lifetime of a directory cache entry in
              seconds. The default value is 900 seconds.

       clipboard_store
              This variable contains path (with options) to the external
              clipboard utility like 'xclip' to read text into X selection
              from file.  For example:

       clipboard_store=xclip -i

       clipboard_paste
              This variable contains path (with options) to the external
              clipboard utility like 'xclip' to print the selection to
              standard out.  For example:

       clipboard_paste=xclip -o

       autodetect_codeset
              This option allows use the `enca' command to autodetect codeset
              of text files in internal viewer and editor. List of valid
              values can be obtain by the `enca --list languages | cut -d :
              -f1' command. Option must be located in the [Misc] section.

       For example:

       autodetect_codeset=russian


Parameters for external editor or viewer

       The Midnight Commander provides a way for specify an options for
       external editors and viewers. The Midnight Commander tries to search
       the "[External editor or viewer parameters]" section in the system
       initialization file (the mc.lib file located in the Midnight Commander
       library directory) and then in the ~/.config/mc/ini file. The option
       name should be equal to the name (full pathname) of external editor or
       viewer. The option value can contain following variables:

       %filename
              The filename to edit/view.

       %lineno
              The start line in the opening file.

       For example:

       [External editor or viewer parameters]
           vi=%filename +%lineno
           joe=%filename +%lineno
           more=%filename +%lineno

       Start line is passed to the external editor/viewer only if it is called
       from the Find file results window.

       If external editor/viewer is launched via F4/F3 keys, MC hopes that
       program (at least "joe", but probably others too) has an own feature
       that by default opens the file where it was last open. MC doesn't
       prevent external editor/viewer to save and restore position in opened
       files.


Terminal databases

       The Midnight Commander provides a way to fix your system terminal
       database without requiring root privileges.  The Midnight Commander
       searches in the system initialization file (the mc.lib file located in
       the Midnight Commander library directory) and in the ~/.config/mc/ini
       file for the section "terminal:your-terminal-name" and then for the
       section "terminal:general", each line of the section contains a key
       symbol that you want to define, followed by an equal sign and the
       definition for the key.  You can use the special \e form to represent
       the escape character and the ^x to represent the control-x character.

       The possible key symbols are:

       f0 to f20     Function keys f0-f20
       bs            backspace
       home          home key
       end           end key
       up            up arrow key
       down          down arrow key
       left          left arrow key
       right         right arrow key
       pgdn          page down key
       pgup          page up key
       insert        the insert character
       delete        the delete character
       complete      to do completion

       For example, to define the key insert to be the Escape + [ + O + p, you
       set this in the ini file:

       insert=\e[Op

       Also now you can use extended learn keys.  For example:

           ctrl-alt-right=\e[[1;6C
           ctrl-alt-left=\e[[1;6D

       This means that ctrl+alt+left sends a \e[[1;6D escape sequence and
       therefore Midnight Commander interprets "\e[[1;6D" as Ctrl-Alt-Left.

       The complete key symbol represents the escape sequences used to invoke
       the completion process, this is invoked with Alt-tab, but you can
       define other keys to do the same work (on those keyboard with tons of
       nice and unused keys everywhere).


FILES

       Full paths below may vary between installations.  They are also
       affected by the MC_DATADIR environment variable. If it's set, its value
       is used instead of /usr/local/share/mc in the paths below.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.hlp

              The help file for the program.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.ext

              The default system-wide extensions file.

       ~/.config/mc/mc.ext

              User's own extension, view configuration and edit configuration
              file.  They override the contents of the system wide files if
              present.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.ini

              The default system-wide setup for the Midnight Commander, used
              only if the user doesn't have his own ~/.config/mc/ini file.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.lib

              Global settings for the Midnight Commander.  Settings in this
              file affect all users, whether they have ~/.config/mc/ini or
              not.  Currently, only terminal settings are loaded from mc.lib.

       ~/.config/mc/ini

              User's own setup. If this file is present then the setup is
              loaded from here instead of the system-wide startup file.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.hint

              This file contains the hints displayed by the program.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.menu

              This file contains the default system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.config/mc/menu

              User's own application menu. If this file is present it is used
              instead of the system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.cache/mc/Tree

              The directory list for the directory tree and tree view
              features.

       ~/.local/share/mc.menu

              Local user-defined menu. If this file is present, it is used
              instead of the home or system-wide applications menu.

       To change default root directory of MC, you can use MC_HOME environment
       variable. The value of MC_HOME must be an absolute path. If MC_HOME is
       unset or empty, HOME variable is used. If HOME is unset or empty, MC
       directories are get from GLib library.


LICENSE

       This program is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public
       License as published by the Free Software Foundation. See the built-in
       help for details on the License and the lack of warranty.


AVAILABILITY

       The latest version of this program can be found at
       http://ftp.midnight-commander.org/.


SEE ALSO

       ed(1), gpm(1), terminfo(1), view(1), sh(1), bash(1), tcsh(1), zsh(1).

       The Midnight Commander page on the World Wide Web:
            http://www.midnight-commander.org/


AUTHORS

       Authors and contributors are listed in the AUTHORS file in the source
       distribution.


BUGS

       See the file TODO in the distribution for information on what remains
       to be done.

       If you want to report a problem with the program, please create
       bugreport at http://www.midnight-commander.org/.

       Provide a detailed description of the bug, the version of the program
       you are running (mc -V displays this information), the operating system
       you are running the program on.  If the program crashes, we would
       appreciate a stack trace.

MC Version 4.8.15                 August 2015                            MC(1)

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